Thomas Hobbes and Edward Bellamy have two different views on how society should be governed. Thomas Hobbes in the Leviathan has outlined how he perceives human nature and the best form of government to control our nature. In Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy he has outlined a future utopia; a look at a government after many years of not being successful. In this paper there is going to a problem and using Looking Backward and the Leviathan the problem will be addressed and given suggestions to solve the issue at hand. The reason that Edward Bellamy was chosen to continue this paper against Thomas Hobbes is to shed light on a different view of human nature; good and united, versus the Hobbesian view of the poor and selfish.
It is the year three thousand in the United States and for decades we have utilized a democracy. In this democracy we had the separation of power; the people have always elected officials to speak on behalf of them. The government relies on the support of the people and other nations to continue thriving. As a nation we are primarily a capitalistic society. The rich continue to get richer and poor continue to get poorer. The inequality was the first ripple in the demise of the government we came to know. The United States began to lose the support from the other nations and lost the ability to import and export any goods. The U.S. lost the ability to get our biggest reliance’s; food, oil, fossil fuels. Up until this time the U.S. rarely manufactured anything, the closest thing that states had was some food.
Due to the fact of limitations on imports and exports the economy started to decline. We had the biggest decline in our stock market since the Great Depression. Because the United States could not receive the items they needed to keep the nation running the first thing to decline was technology. We no longer had the energy to keep the simplest things going. Electricity to run computers, cell phones and lights become a simple pleasure of the past.
The government had such a heavy reliance on energy and because of this the economy plummeted and we no longer had the means to supply for our citizens. The money we thought our great nation had ceased to exist; there was no longer a reason to work because there were no longer any incentives. Technology was the main ruling aspect of the nation that citizens weren’t aware of the basic survival skills. The citizens always assumed that government had plans to protect their citizens from anything like this happening.
Individuals had to look backwards to see how a society was run before technology became such a big influence. People had to learn how to fend for themselves; finding food, maintain their shelter and keep everything functional. Eventually the government that we always had and grown accustomed to no longer was the ruling factor of the nation. The factor that ruled the nation becomes the people, and what they believed was best as individuals.
Hobbes and Human...