Application Of Criminology Theories To Movies

2907 words - 12 pages

The TrackerThe film also presents a critical question of which law is closest to a consensual perspective of justice: the fanatic or trackers?It reveals an Aboriginal perspective, which allows them to define and apply their own version of deviance onto white Australia with the colonial period.The film contains references to Positivism, Marxist criminology, Labelling theory, Republican Theory, Strain Theory, Classical Theory, New Right Criminology and Critical Criminology.The predominant theories throughout the film however are Biological Positivism and Marxist Criminology.The Europeans view Aboriginals as an inferior race, which would accord with Biological Positivism perspective. Biological Positivism posits that crime is not the choice of the offender. Moreover, it is a 'fault' in their biological nature, which causes them to commit crime . Positivists believe that behaviour is determined and shaped by forces, which are outside the control of the individual . Lombroso proposes that Aboriginals are born with atavism , which is defined as a biological throwback characterised by atavistic stigmata . Atavistic stigmata is in turn characterised by re-emergence of primitive traits such as narrow forehead, protruding cheek plus jawbones and also large lips and ears . Lombroso even went so far as to suggest that dark hair and skin, which are aboriginal characteristics, are fundamental elements, which make a person criminal.The movie from a European perspective conveys the theory that racial inferiority equates to criminality.However the movie deviates from the positivist approach, which argues that responses to crime should be orientated towards individualised treatment . Indeterminate sentences should be imposed which take into, account the nature of the act committed and the classification of the offender .Throughout the movie, the fanatic deals out retributive punishment to all Aboriginals, which he encounters. It should be noted that the Fanatics response to crime is not associated with any criminological theories, indeed his form of punishment is racially motivated and is more akin to that of a hate crime . This raises the issue that one must be wary of dispensing inproportional, punishment. As the use of the criminal justice system as a tool of social control has potential through misuse of power, to "...sow the seeds of dissent...and fan the flames of inter-group conflict" , one can view this from the trackers perspective and reaction to the crimes of the fanatic.It should be noted that although racism is not relevant to any criminological theory , race is a relevant factor in criminological theories .Through the actions of the Europeans in the movie, one can see that the Positivist explanations of crime, held by such people as the fanatic, "remain in popular consciousness to give content to the stereotypes that fuel the mythologies of black criminality" .The movie also depicts inter-racial conflict, oppression, unequal class relations and...

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