Applied Behavior Analysis

1606 words - 6 pages

Applied Behavior Analysis

What is Autism?
Autism is a neurological disorder delaying overall development and functioning. Children with autism generally experience prominent delays in the development of language, non-verbal communication, cognitive abilities, adaptive functioning, and social interaction. Children with autism often exhibit self stimulatory behavior such as spinning, rocking, hand flapping, or other peculiar motor behaviors. Autistic children can also be characterized by repetitive behavior and obsession with routine. Wide ranges of severity exist among those affected, for example, communication development can be displayed through complex language acquisition or the child may demonstrate no form of communication at all.

A Parent's Perspective

If you receive a diagnosis of Autism for your child, it can be devastating. Finding the appropriate help for your child can prove to be a painstaking endeavor. It is common for parents to receive conflicting, and/or erroneous information about the treatment of Autism from various professionals. The purpose of this pamphlet is to explain a mode of treatment known as Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and its potential effectiveness.
What is ABA?

ABA is a comprehensive behavior program incorporating all aspects of a child's life. It is characterized by a systematic teaching program. Every learning objective is broken down into the simplest form and taught to the child in a one-to-one (child/teacher) format. As skills are developed, complexity is added and generalization into all parts of the child's life is expected.

The primary teaching method is known as discrete trial teaching. Discrete trial teaching occurs in a highly structured environment using reinforcement that is dependent upon the child's responses to requests by the teacher. It is repetitious in nature as the child is “drilled” until mastery of a learning objective is gained. Each item mastered builds upon the next. Initially the child could spend up to 40 hours a week in this type of therapy for a minimum of two years. The one-to-one time is decreased as the child becomes involved in school or group settings and more incidental teaching can be applied.

WHAT PARENTS WANT TO KNOW

Documented Research in ABA

ABA research has been ongoing for more than forty years. ABA is most commonly referenced by the work of Dr. O. Ivar Lovaas and his colleagues. Their comprehensive study in 1973 documented 9 out of the 19 children in the experiment were able to attend typical first grade classrooms without special accommodations and were indistinguishable among their peers. The May Institute in Massachusets conducted a study on 14 children with autism. Their reseach documented significant improvements in mental age scores and social age scores in 12 children. Additionally, 9 children increased their language capabilities by up to a 18 month developmental gain. The Murdoch Early...

Find Another Essay On Applied Behavior Analysis

Use of Applied Behavior Analysis to Support Language Development in Children with Autism

1935 words - 8 pages Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied systematically to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for behavior change. The definition of ABA includes six key components. The first component is the practice of applied behavior analysis is guided by the attitudes and methods of science inquiry. Second, all

Autism And Its Treatment: Applied Behavior Analysis And The Developmental, Individual-Difference, Relationship-Based (DIR) Model

2234 words - 9 pages Child PsychologyAbstractAutism is considered a neurobiological disorder. However its exact origin is not known. There is a variety of treatment approaches available. This paper introduces some of them and describes Applied Behavior Analysis and the Developmental, Individual-Difference, Relationship-Based (DIR) Model in more detail. Up to this date we cannot say for sure which treatment is the best for a child born with autism.Autism is one of

What Applied Behavior Consultants, Inc. Offers Their Communities

986 words - 4 pages Applied Behavior Consultants, Inc. better know as ABC, created schools and facilities that are for children, aged 3 to 18, and have been given the diagnosis of Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ABC schools are Non-Public Schools (NPS), or Non-Public Agencies (NPA) and the type of services preformed in their clinical practices and educational development services are based on Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). ABC uses Intensive

Thoeries applied to violent behavior

1224 words - 5 pages In an episode of the Dr. Phil show three young men were profiled for their violent behavior. Their parents and Dr. Phil have attempted to explain and understand the reasoning for their actions throughout the show. This paper will apply theories to each of their cases to explain their behavior using the social learning theory, the psychoanalytic approach and the attachment theory. Andy was featured on the show for his part in school shooting

Article Review On Organizational Behavior as Applied in Hospitals

924 words - 4 pages Different facets of organizational behavior were addressed in the three articles reviewed for this project. Pay Satisfaction, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent by Parbudyal Singh and Natasha Loncar examines the relationship between employee position and salary satisfaction and job turnover. The 4 Rs of Motivation by Michael Maccoby suggests a formula from which leaders should pull to motivate subordinates, and Relations Between Leader

Linking Course Content to Practice

827 words - 4 pages The conference “Fifty Shades of Behavior Analysis” was nothing short of its name. The presenters at this conference reminded all of us in the field of Behavior Analysis that being a science of behavior allows us to apply our principles to many domains beyond working with individuals who have disabilities. Applied Behavior Analysis is the application of the science of behavior to the solution of problems of social significance (Cooper, Heron

Behavior and Autism

935 words - 4 pages Behavior analysis theory helps people to understand how human being function within the existences of the humanity people live in. Behavioral analysis applied to individuals within a spacious sort of families, schools, workplaces, residential areas, and cultures. Behavior analysis has assisted individual to develop academic knowledge and science. A variety of training and professional accomplishments. The principles of applied behavior analysis

Behavior Analysis

645 words - 3 pages from addiction or autism. Works Cited: Foxx, R. M., & Rubinoff, A. (1979). Behavioral treatment of caffeinism: reducing excessive coffee drinking. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 335-344. Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., Hurley, C., & Frea, W. D. (1992). Improving social skills and disruptive behavior in children with autism through self-management. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 341-353.

Teaching and Modifying Behaviors Through Applied Behavioral Analysis

2288 words - 9 pages PART I - Educational and Career Plan of a Future BCBA Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) has become a successful therapy to teach and modify behaviors of individuals living within the Autism Spectrum (Schreck & Mazur, 2008). Individuals acquiring a specialization within the field of applied behavior analysis are greatly the needed within the autism community (Schreck & Mazur, 2008). Individuals are interested in applied behavior analysis

Behavior Modification

2085 words - 8 pages follow-up segments. Target behaviors were defined. These behaviors were then isolated during the intervention to extricate the functional association of antecedents and consequences. Previous studies from the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis were referred to for the structure of the intervention model. The theories of reinforcement and punishment were applied to gain desired behavior and clear target behavior. Verbal positive

ABA Strategies for Language Acquisition and Development

1686 words - 7 pages "Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)." Autism Speaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. . “Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), Applied Behavior Analysis in Special Education." About.com Learning Disabilities. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014.

Similar Essays

Applied Behavior Analysis

982 words - 4 pages Applied behavior Analysis (ABA) is the scientific application of set principals of operant behavior that branch off of the behaviorism philosophical approach of behavior. The core principals of Applied Behavior Analysis are to target an individual’s behavior for change that has a real life application for the individual. Moreover, of Applied Behavior Analysis seeks to discover the environmental variables that influence the individual behavior

Some Current Dimensions Of Applied Behavior Analysis

802 words - 4 pages There are many things to learn from this article written by Donald Baer, Montrose Wolf, and Todd Risley. It is a very informing article in which you can learn about the current dimensions of applied behavior analysis. The seven dimensions mentioned are: applied, behavioral, analytic, technological, conceptually systematic, effective, and generality. The applied dimension of applied behavior analysis is determined by how much society is

The Applied Behavior Analysis Program For Autistic Children

2022 words - 9 pages who are diagnosed earlier by a pediatrician are more likely to be successful to be put into an Early Intervention program. Now it comes for the time for the parent to decide on what is the right program for their child, so the child adapt and learn skills they have learned from previous program. In this research paper, it will be further explained why the ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) program is the most structured and effective program best

Applied Behavior Analysis

605 words - 3 pages and abilities of the particular individual. When taught a new skillset, motivational principles of ABA are applied by breaking down even the most complex tasks into smaller, manageable steps (Dillenburger & Keenan, 2012, p. 112). During the first introduction of a skill, the task is presented in the simplest form and a significant amount of guidance is provided in order to ensure success. These initial steps are then always followed by