Apply The Structuralist Theories Of Todorov, Barthes, Propp And Levi Strauss To "Star Wars" Or A Text Of Your Choice!!

583 words - 2 pages

In order to get a better understanding of Narratives and Structures of stories, we canlook and apply theories that will help us. There are 4 theorists that we mainly look at,Todorov, Barthes, Propp and Levi-Strauss that have made up theories for Myths andFolktales. Todorov believes, that all stories begin with what he called Equilibrium (orbalance) between opposing forces. This is disrupted by some event, setting in train aseries of events to close with a second but different equilibrium. Barthes has made up 2different codes that can be applied, The Enigma Code and The Action Code. TheEnigma Code, which sets up little puzzles to be solved. And the Action Code that isto be read by means of accumulated details (looks, significant words, etc). These oftenrelate to stereotypical models, such as "falling in Love!" Propp believes that the spheresof action in a story could be reduced to 8 character roles. The Villain, The Hero, TheDonor, The Helper, The Princess, The Princess' Father, The Dispatcher and the FalseHero. Levi-Strauss used the term "Binary Oppositions" to describe a conflict betweentwo qualities. For example, if we apply it to a western genre, we have to Home Steaders(or Cowboys) V's The Natives (or Indians).These theories can be applied to many Mythical films and Texts such as "Spiderman","Braveheart", "Shrek", and even the well-known sci-fi "Star Wars". We can applyTodorov's theory to the beginning of Star Wars; we find out through text on the screenthat there has been an event, which has disrupted the peace between 2 opposingforces. Firstly, there was equilibrium but an event occurred leading to some plans hadbeen stolen, and Darth Vader planning an attack on the empire to pull Princess Lea outof power. This leads a series of events, which carry on...

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