The purpose of education is complicated and many educators formulate their own principles of education. The ideas of education for many years has stressed that the purpose of education is to develop individuals to become productive, good citizens, and function effectively in a democratic society. Campbell (2008) notes that the purpose of public education is to graduate good citizens who have the necessary skills demanded in the marketplace and to enjoy contemporary society. Education should build the foundations for integrity and positive attitudes while empowering individuals to achieve academic success.
The future of education lies in the connection of the community, parents, students and educators. Black (2008) suggests that educators educate in a democratic society to enhance the quality of life for members of our local community as well as the global community. Every student brings his/her past experiences to enhance their learning environment. Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, (2005) suggests that adult education is a new perspective and incentive of learning. Adult learners learn best when they are able to become creative and initiate methods and not in set authoritative structures of learning.
In the movie The Color Purple (Spielberg, 1985) Celie is the main character and protagonist of the novel. She is an African-American woman who is treated badly and forced to marry a man she does not love or chooses for her mate. In spite of the hardships she endures, she maintains a loving spirit and perseverance. Throughout the movie, Celie writes letters to God and to her sister Nettie who teaches her reading and writing under stifling circumstances. Celie’s writings to God and her sister are Celie’s way of reflecting on her experiences, applying what she has learned, and assessing her learning through self-evaluation and self-criticism.
Experiential Learning Theory
Carl Rogers is best known for client-centered therapy and the development of counseling; also, Rogers focused on education. His emphasis was students can reflect and apply what they have experienced and learned. According to Hawkes (1992), Carl Rogers’ theory of learning has two types of learning: cognitive (meaningless) and experiential (significant). The author notes:
Rogers depicts experiential learning as learning having both personal meaning and cognitive relevance. For all individuals,...