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Applying Criminological Theory To Solve The Murder Of Tigger

1297 words - 6 pages

Applying criminological theory to a suspect’s anecdotal evidence can help to distinguish which suspect could be the possible offender. In this certain case, poor Tigger has been murdered and there are 3 possible suspects. Merton’s Anomie Theory will be applied to suspect number 1: Winnie The Pooh. Eysenck’s Theory will be applied to suspect number 2: Piglet and Social Bond Theory will be applied to suspect number 3: Eeyore.

Merton’s Anomie theory works around the theory that a society or culture inadvertently bring out offending behavior through pressure between the social norms and the compulsion to achieve them (Thio, 1975). There are 5 aspects of social structure that associate with ...view middle of the document...

While introversion is the opposite; Quiet and timid. Neuroticism refers to personality traits such as anxiety, low self esteem, moodiness or shyness (Cattell & Sheier 1961). Psychoticism relates to certain personality traits such as being impulsive, hostile and aggressive (Eysenck, 1992). This theory is relatively consistent with the anecdotal evidence about Piglet, but has more evidence that suggests that Piglet was not the murderer. The anecdotal evidence states that Piglet has a Generalized Anxiety disorder which ties in with Neuroticism (Cattell and Scheier 1961). Eysenck and Gudjonsson (1989) had found offenders tend to score high on both Psychoticism and Neuroticism, (Lykken, 1990) which Piglet does not. He is often described as a generous animal, which does not tie in with the aggressive, non-empathetic, and anti-social nature of Psychoticism (Woody and Claridge 1977).

Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory is a theory that instead of being based on why people in society commit offences, it is based on why people in society do not commit offences (Hirschi, 2002). Hirschi (2002) identifies 4 main social bonds that can be used to determine the individual’s likelihood to become involved in deviant crimes. These 4 social bonds are attachment, commitment, involvement and belief (Roland 1971). Altogether these social bonds are what make up the average mindset and behavior of a non-criminal (Gundy-Yoder, 2007). So if a person was not to have a strong presence of these bonds, it would then indicate deviant or offending behavior, and this is the case of Eeyore. The first of these 4 social bonds is attachment. Agnew and Peterson (1989, p333) referred to attachment as being the level of affection or respect an individual has for others who show importance in their lives. Although Eeyore has a high level of intelligence, he is also depressed. His depressive mindset causes him to think negative thoughts towards the certain attachment he has to the significant others in his life. “Don’t pay any attention to me. No body ever does.” If Eeyore believes that the other forest animals don’t care about him, the social bond can become weak and this is when deviance occurs (Hirschi ,2002). This also directly leads into Commitment. Hass (2001) explains commitment as a person’s individual investment into society. If Eeyore believes the forest animals don’t pay attention to him, he may not weigh up the consequences of his actions. The third is Involvement. Hirschi (2002) suggested that if an individual is involved in non-criminals acts, that individual has less time to spend committing deviant acts. “…Don’t worry about me Pooh. Go and enjoy yourself. I’ll stay here and be miserable…” Eeyore doesn’t get involved in non-deviant acts such as a forest party. Eeyore is also described as being the ‘nearest thing … to a hermit” which further proves he doesn’t invest his time into positive activities.

When applied correctly, criminological theories can help assess anecdotal...

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