Applying Memory Strategies
Memory is an internal journal or account of a previous circumstance or experience that a subject has met. A person's ability to keep and store mentally retained impressions and information also define memory. While information is not just naturally recorded in our brains, how one applies a theory or theories of memory and forgetting can help to improve how a subject remembers. Memory is essential to our everyday lives. People must recant who they are, they must recognize other people’s faces, and need to also remember how to maneuver and how to communicate. There are various models of the way memory is composed and how it works. Although there is much diversity between the models, they all consider memory as a method of processing data. People do not candidly record information; they carry out a form of processing as data is stored, organized, and retrieved over period.
The traditional three-stage memory model is one of the four major memory models. Traditional three-stage memory entails three various storage boxes to keep and process data for various lengths of time (Wiley, 2000-2010). One can actually understand the way information is modified as it is encoded, stored and then later retrieved. These three courses can be defined adequately to the memory of a computer. The first stage to remembering a fraction of data is encoding. It is the process of converting data into neural signals that will be retained in memory. Furthermore, it is first getting the data into one's brain. The second stage is to store it. Storage is the function of retaining neural coded data over time. The encoded data is then stored in the brain. In computers the information is stored on a disk or hard drive that is very comparable to the way the brain operates. The information is retained there until it is needed in the future. The last stage in memory is retrieval. It is the process of recovering data from memory storage. Retrieval entails searching and locating the proper data and taking it out of storage, into conscious perception where it can be used. Retrieval is also where the majority of memory obstacles happen, obstacles such as memory loss and forgetting.
There are multiple theories about why people forget. These theories consist of the decay theory, interference theory, consolidation failure theory, motivated forgetting theory, and the prospective forgetting theory. Perhaps one of the most dated theories of forgetting is the decay theory. This theory speculates that memories, if not used, will diminish with time and finally disappear altogether. The "neural trace" or physiological history of an experience possibly will decay within an extremely brief period or over massive time (Boyd, 2004). Scientists theorize that “neurons” diminish gradually as subjects age, although some older memories can be more powerful than most current...