Applying The Socio Ecological Model Essay

1146 words - 5 pages

ABSTRACT
In the Socio-Ecological Model, behavior is the outcome of interest or focal point and behavior is seen to be determined and influenced by intrapersonal factors, interpersonal processes, institutional factors, community factors, and public policy (McLeroy:1988). The Journal of Public Health Advance Access published in 7 July 2015, issued an article on the research conducted on the “Barriers and facilitators to uptake of the school-based HPV vaccination programme in ethnically diverse group of young women” in the United Kingdom. This research was done to study and to address the inequalities in the uptake of the vaccination. The school-based HPV vaccination programme reaches most eligible young women, but it is certain that certain aspects of the programme, along with social norms and values can impact on delivery and prevent the uptake for some groups of young women. This means that the young women’s decision whether to get the vaccination is influenced by a number of factors, both within and without, and unless these factors are addressed from each level, health promotion will be almost impossible.
Keywords: HPV vaccine, socio-cultural factors, health promotion, Socio-Ecological Model, barriers, consent

Introduction
According to (McLeroy: 1988) in Brofenbrenner’s model, behaviour is viewed being affected by, and effecting multiple of influence. In his model Brofenbrenner divides environmental influences on behaviour into the micro, meso, exo, and macrosystem levels of influence. He establishes that the microsystem refers to face-to-face influence in specific settings, such as interactions within a person’s immediate family, informal social networks, or work groups. Furthermore, he states that the mesosystem refers to the interrelations among the different settings in which someone is involved. These settings may include family, school, peer groups, and church. The exosystem on the other hand, refers to forces which are within the greater social system in which an individual is attached to. For example, unemployment rates which effect economic stability. Finally, Brofenbrenner states that the macrosystem refers to cultural beliefs and values influence both the microsystem and macrosystem. Broffenbrenner’s model has been used as a conceptual framework as an ecological model for health promotion, where the work of Belsky and Steuart is borrowed. In this model, behavior is the outcome of interest or focal point and behavior is seen to be determined and influenced by intrapersonal factors, interpersonal processes, institutional factors, community factors, and public policy (McLeroy:1988). The Journal of Public Health Advance Access published in 7 July 2015, issued an article on the research conducted on the “Barriers and facilitators to uptake of the school-based HPV vaccination programme in ethnically diverse group of young women”.
Identifiable levels of the SEM in the source article:
Intrapersonal level: according to (Journal...

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