Appreciating A Gothic Cathedral: Milan Cathedral

2007 words - 8 pages

All over the world people still come to admire the beauty of European cathedrals. Many of the cathedrals are fragile due to age, neglect, pollution, and insufficient funds available to restore these historical and beautiful buildings. Nevertheless, visitors to these architectural masterpieces are fascinated by the design and structure of these churches. The cathedral builders using their own ingenuity, expertise, and limited resources were able to defy the laws of gravity and time. (Icher 30)
There were two main types of architecture during the middle ages, the Romanesque style and the Gothic style. The Romanesque period took place approximately between 1096 and 1270 (the eleventh and twelfth centuries) and the Gothic period took place approximately between 1150 and 1450 (the thirteenth through the fifteenth centuries) (Bersson 383). Evidence of both styles of architecture emerged throughout Europe. The political landscape had changed and the Christian church provided a measure of unity throughout the centuries of this medieval era (Stalley 13).
The Romanesque period began a time when the interest in religion intensified. The church was a place that all people could belong to regardless of their status. It was during these times that big churches called cathedrals began to emerge. The age of the Crusades took place emphasizing the need for places of worship and a place for the community to gather together. People sought the churches not only to see the relics housed in the church brought back from the Holy Lands by the Crusades but also to seek redemption as well. This influx of seekers brought in money to help then pay for the churches. This allowed for the emergence of new towns, the exchange of goods and services, which eventually had an overall effect on the culture and society. The public began to take on a less restrained viewpoint of art. A new spirit of individualism along with humanistic and secular values became more acceptable. The Gothic style began to blossom overlapping with the final days of the Romanesque period. (Bersson 381-383)
The Gothic style arose with the leaders of the church again becoming the principal architects of the design and content of the cathedral (Bersson 383). Even though numerous Romanesque churches were still under construction all over Europe, Gothic architecture began to develop in France (Wilson 24). New forms were not necessary introduced by the first Gothic architects, yet changes in style and building technique did start to change (Wilson 24). One of the prominent influences of that change was Abbot Suger, who renovated the abbey of Saint Denis in France (Bersson 383). The symbolic architecture seemed to be a requirement of these large churches or cathedrals. Saint Denis was a royal abbey; therefore, a symbol of royal power (Halsall). Sugar knew this but the motivation was not political or architectural but religious (Halsall). The intended purpose was to honor God (Halsall). There was no expense...

Find Another Essay On Appreciating a Gothic Cathedral: Milan Cathedral

"Gothic Architecture in France" This paper talks about the Abbey of St. Denis, the Chartres Cathedral, Amiens Cathedral, Abbot Suger, Robert Luzarches, with quotes from Scholar H.W. Janson, etc

1321 words - 5 pages become a symbol of wealth and prosperity for many European cities.The first Gothic architectural project will begin with the rebuilding of the Royal Abbey Church of St. Denis by Abbott Suger. This cathedral is located North of Paris. The apse of the original church of Abbot Suger's caught fire in 1140, so reconstruction was necessary. This church was a shrine of the Apostle of France, as well as a memorial to the Carolingian Dynasty. Some of the

Cathedral, a Story Review

776 words - 3 pages disabilities on a daily basis. Society has become so accustomed to turning a cold shoulder to those members who are less fortunate by no fault of their own and now this cruel behavior of discrimination is somewhat the norm in the world today. In the short story, Cathedral, by Raymond Carver, a man named Bub comes to understand the importance of being a better person through a blind man named Robert. The story begins with the narrator, Bub

The parallel between “Cathedral” and “A&P”

2251 words - 9 pages The parallel between “Cathedral” and “A&P” Raymond Carver with “Cathedral” and “A&P” by John Updike are both short stories, even if in facts they are written during the same century, readers can interpret the changes that occurred to be really different. They both introduce characters that are being victim of stereotype by the protagonists, but somehow these characters made a great change into the protagonists’ view of the world and life

Raymond Carver with Cathedral and John Updike with A&P

1201 words - 5 pages Raymond Carver with “Cathedral” and John Updike with “A&P” “Cathedral” and A&P both short stories written during the same century. But even though they both introduce stereotypical characters that somehow change their view of the world, they have many more different aspects. The stories differ in atmosphere and the quantity of people involve in each story. The story “Cathedral” only took place in a family house with only the husband, wife who

Compare Raymond Carver’s Cathedral and Ernest Hemingway’s A Clean, Well-lighted Place

1474 words - 6 pages Hemingway’s A Clean, Well-lighted Place and Carver’s Cathedral are two works with distinctive views on questioning the life and manhood.      As Gillespie (2010) suggests biographical and historical backgrounds largely influence on literary works, which should not be omitted when considering their philosophical outlook. Therefore, the personal life and specific historical period that the two authors experienced might provide hints for their individual

Title of this essay is "Wrong Assumptions". The assignment was to write about a key theme of the story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver

601 words - 2 pages Without a doubt human beings are subject innate prejudices and assumptions. Sometimes, these assumptions hurt us personally, while at other times we use them to hurt others. The short story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver illustrates how prejudice and assumption can work against the truth and inhibit true human understanding. The author uses tone, diction, figurative, and rhetorical to communicate his theme that one's superficial assumptions about

Geoffrey Chaucer and his "Canterbury Tales", a collection of twenty-four stories told by various people who are going on a religious pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral from London, England

1640 words - 7 pages Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales is a collection of twenty-four stories told by various people who are going on a religious pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral from London, England (Kane 44). Prior to the actual tales, however, Chaucer offers the reader a glimpse of fourteenth century life by way of the General Prologue. In this prologue, Chaucer introduces all of the characters who are involved in this journey and who will tell the tales

Romanesque and Gothic Architecture

1130 words - 5 pages the Cathedral construction boom in which several innovative art forms were also introduced in the Church design. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.     Cedron, R. Romanesque: Foundations Stones of Learning. Earthlore. http://www.elore.com/Gothic/Learning/romanesque.htm. 2.     Cedron, R. Blackford, N. (2001). Gothic Dreams: Appreciating a Cultural Legacy. Earthlore. http://www.elore.com/Gothic/introduction.htm. 3.     Cedron; Blackford, N. (2002). Art

The Medieval Synthesis in the Arts ca.(1000-1300) Chartres Cathedral

1661 words - 7 pages The Medieval Synthesis in the Arts ca. (1000-1300) thirteen century Gothic Church. The Chartres Cathedral Church is one of the most important in France. After a fire in 1134 destroy the town of Chartres the west front of the cathedral. The rebuilding of the west facade between 1145-50. It was once known as Notre Dame de Chartres but today is known as Chartres Cathedral. This church has the essential parts of a Christian basilica. The cathedral

Comparing the Sculptures and Different Structures of Cathedrals

576 words - 2 pages Comparing the Sculptures and Different Structures of Cathedrals The Cathedral was a symbol of authority and religious achievement to people of the Middle Ages. Both Romanesque and Gothic style cathedrals are monuments to the skill and creativity of medieval people. Upon entering a Romanesque or Gothic style cathedral, one would have noticed that the function of these houses of worship is very similar. They are each an urban religious

St Patricks

1104 words - 5 pages was worthy of the mass numbers of catholics in the area, their intelligence, and wealth as a community. Archbishop Hughes believed that one day, this cathedral would be the “heart of the city.” He also believed that nothing would be able to divert the construction of this soon-to-be gothic cathedral. In October and November of 1878, the Great Cathedral Fair was held for a few weeks. Hughes' successor, John McCloskey became head of the dedication

Similar Essays

Cathedral Analysis Paper: Milan Cathedral

2628 words - 11 pages ). Although the Gothic style might have developed in France, a beautiful representation of a Gothic cathedral exists in Milan, Italy. During the time, Italy stood noticeably apart from the rest of the country in its expansion of this Gothic style in the late 13th century ("Italian Gothic"). Italy has always been known for its exquisite cathedrals, but one of the main attractions for European tourists today is the huge and exquisite Gothic cathedral

Gothic Architecture Amiens Cathedral Essay

1214 words - 5 pages the columns did not need as much support. Ribbed vaulting a characteristic that was seen throughout Romanesque style. Ribbed vaults are the intersection of two or three barrel vaults. There are often thinly vaulted webs in between the separate ribs as well. Gothic style was expressed in many churches and cathedrals in France throughout the 12th to 16th century. In this paper, I am going to focus on the tallest completed gothic style cathedral in

Comparision Of Gothic Cathedral Architecture Of England And Europe

1251 words - 5 pages boasts a mixture of architectural styles from the Romanesque style to the Gothic. The gothic styles within the Canterbury Cathedral were the 14th and 15th additions. They include the Bell Harry Tower, the nave and the cloisters which are in the Perpendicular Gothic architectural style. Credit for the magnificent architectural designs that make up the whole of the cathedral can not be claimed by one architect or builder as there were many involved in

Special Topics In Western Art #2: The Gothic Cathedral

671 words - 3 pages spread through England, Germany, Spain and Italy by 1500ce 5. Define cathedra. A cathedra is the seat for the bishop (a Catholic priest in charge of the diocese, or region) sometimes it is literally a throne in the church for the bishop to sit on. 6. Define finials and crockets. Finials and crockets are decorative exterior features of a gothic cathedral. Finials are knob shaped toppers that are added to towers and spirals, Crockets are leaf