has become the norm for them because of their living conditions. They may not be able to afford medical care, and it is possible that they are not well educated, so they do not understand the severity of leaving a medical condition untreated. For these reason they may never seek medical attention. In contrast, someone who is of a higher class will be better educated on what to do when they feel ill. They will most likely seek medical help right away, because to them illness is not the norm. They can also afford private medical care if needs be.
Overall, a lot of people leave there diseases undiagnosed and untreated for various reason such as financial/social status, culture, religion and sex. In some cultures it is left to the male to decide who is ill enough to seek medical help and who is not, and even then whether they are allowed to accept that help. Some religions do not believe in certain kind of treatment such as blood transfusions, and it is commonly known that women will tolerate illness a lot better than men.
4.1- SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
Functionalists believe that society is a structure that functions via interrelating parts, each with its own role. If an individual is sick then they become a deviant to the structure that is society. Deviant means that it is not the norm and does not fit in with society. To get around this the functionalist perspective uses the sick role. An individual can take on the sick role in order to be excused from their usual duties until they are well-enough to resume them.
Marxism focuses on a conflicting view that emphasizes social differences and conflicting interests and values of different groups in society.
Marxism serves the interest of powerful and dominant classes in society. The bourgeoisie class exploits the proletariat and hold both cultural and economic power over them. This leads to class conflict within society.
Within modern society Marxism has more negative points than positive. For example, it is thought to put too much emphasis on social class and class conflict. It sees the lower classes as being lesser to the upper classes, so does not recognizes that employers and employees in modern society have shared interests in the success of the business or organization in question, and that they are both happy to co-operate. The focus is wholly on economy as the driving force behind society, so other influences such as ethnicity and gender are neglected.
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIST PERSPECTIVE OF HEALTH AND ILLNESS
Internationalists focus on why individuals define themselves as being ill. Depending on the individual’s social upbringing, they may react differently to others with the same illness. The perspective is interested in the construction and management of health and Illness, particularly the interaction between the health profession and the patient in agreeing how ill they are. For example, if somebody from the UK were to start talking to ‘spirits’ or ‘ghosts’, they would be dubbed as...