This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Approaches To Personality Essay

2164 words - 9 pages

There are many ways to judge and define the self with numerous theories surrounding the topic. Personality is inseparable part of the self. Recent research suggests that even your pet can predict your personality (Gosling and Sandy 2011). This shows how much personality theories evolved and changed with time. Historical research into personality theories reveals two distinct, yet related, approaches to the self in psychology. Biologically oriented approach, that emphasises nature and inheritability of personality (Eysenck 1956), and Psychodynamic oriented approach, which concentrates around the idea that environment influences our personality (Schuett and Dall 2013).
Biological psychology or as referred to by (Stevens 1996) ‘’the embodied self ‘’is the science that attempts to explain human behaviour in terms of biological foundations (Wickens, 2005). It looks at chemical activity in the brain e.g., how neurotransmitters act to enable messages to be transmitted. Biopsychology also examines how characteristics are inherited via genes during the process of evolution. Charles Darwin first proposed the idea that both genes and evolution contribute towards many of our qualities including personality (Darwin 1859). Two main assumptions of biological approach are: mental events cause biological consequences, and biological events cause mental consequences (Wickens, 2005). Bio psychologists believe that the mental and biological processes are linked to each other and cannot be separated. This approach to self uses quantitative methods of collecting data. One of the key researchers in field of biological psychology was Donald Hebb. After he published his book in 1949 The Organisation of Behaviour biopsychology developed into major scientific discipline, it was key to its emergence of (Pinel, 2009). He managed to connect biological function of brain as an organ with the higher function of the mind. He also introduced Hebbian theory which explained the adaptation of neurons in the brain during the process of learning. This theory can often be summarised as "Cells that fire together, wire together."(Norman 2007)

Psychoanalytic approach to self also known as ‘’Defensive self’ ’studies the transformations and exchanges of "psychic energy" within the personality (Hall 1954). It is referred to as defensive self-due to the views of as psychodynamic theorists that we all have defence mechanisms such as repression, denial and projection that protect us from harmful effects of environment. One of the main assumptions of psychodynamic approach is the view that it is our behaviour and feelings are greatly affected by our unconscious motives. This approach seeks to study various parts of our psyche and it relates relate to our behaviour especially at unconscious level (Hall 1954). According to this approach, most of our behaviour and feelings as adults are deeply rooted in our childhood experiences. Psychoanalytical approach views personality as being made up of...

Find Another Essay On Approaches to Personality

Behavioral and Social Learning Approaches Personality Assessment

1208 words - 5 pages is controlled by environmental influences rather than purely innate forces and conditioned reflexes. The paper that follows will outline the core differences between the behavioral approach to personality and the social learning approach to personality. This paper will also analyze one of my behaviors.Behavioral theory approaches personality as being observable. That is, we can watch the way people act, respond, and live their lives and make a

Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1699 words - 7 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2 University of PhoenixBiological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentBiological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentUno de los asuntos más desconcertantes de la psicología es comprender la relación entre la mente y el cerebro. Todos reconocemos que tenemos conciencia de nuestro entorno, y también de nosotros

Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1690 words - 7 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentUno de los asuntos más desconcertantes de la psicología es comprender la relación entre la mente y el cerebro. Todos reconocemos que tenemos conciencia de nuestro entorno, y también de nosotros mismos. Dicha experiencia es la que normalmente ha sido descrita como la mente

Psychoanalytic and Trait Approaches Personality Assessment

1684 words - 7 pages How many times has one heard the saying that one does not have a personality? The fact is that everyone has a personality. Some people personalities are very extroverted where one can put a label on what one thinks his or her personality displays. Other people have introverted personalities where one could not readily assume his or her personality. According to Jerry M. Burger, who wrote the book Personality, he states that personality can be

Personality: Genetically Inherited or Developed

988 words - 4 pages groups: nomothetic, idiographic, and complementary, approaches to personality. The nomothetic method is established on the tendency to see a human beings personality as constant, inherited and opposed to change, while the influence of the environment is minimal. “Psychologists who adopt this approach are mainly concerned with studying what we share with others.” (Mcleod, S. 2007) Consequently, nomothetic approaches suggest that the way in which a

Introduction to Personality

902 words - 4 pages theoretical approaches have been taken by theorists in the study of personality. Among the many contributors who developed theories about personality was the German psychologist Sigmund Freud. He was the founder of psychoanalytic theory. Many found Freud’s theory to be shocking and controversial. However, his work was a great influence in the development of sociology, psychology, art and literature. The term psychoanalysis is used to refer to many aspects

Substance Abuse

1272 words - 5 pages , anything that interferes with social functioning is, by definition, psychologically dysfunctional. This pronounced affectivity defines the disorder as such.Cognitive-behavioral approaches to the personality disorders also focus on how maladaptive beliefs and behavioral strategies become self-perpetuating through "self-fulfilling prophecies." The cognitive-behavioral perspective on personality and personality disorders emphasizes that childhood

The Nomothetic Approach in Personality Testing

1589 words - 6 pages line with traditional scientific approaches that have been around for generations.The nomothetic approach has been criticised by various theorists because they believe it is a quick and cheap approach towards personality testing without any real in-depth grasp of the actual personality of the individual. There are alternative approaches to the nomothetic approach, the main one being the idiographic approach. The main aspect of the idiographic

Interactive Personality Theory

1783 words - 8 pages lower needs such as physiological, safety and love needs are met on the hierarchy (Feist et al., 2013, p.282). Lester et al. (1983) established that “the higher the level of satisfaction of the needs, the more psychological healthy the person was (on a measure of neuroticism and on a measure of belief in an internal locus of control)” (p.84). While there may be many other approaches or ways to look at personality, I believe that the Dynamic

Thoeries of Personality

974 words - 4 pages contribute to individual differences in behavior, consistency of behavior over time, and stability of behavior across situations. Characteristics are unique qualities of an individual; these characteristics include temperament, physique, and intelligence” (Feist and Feist, 2009). Theoretical Approaches in the Study of Personality Sigmund Freud was one who developed his theory in the modern psychology. Psychoanalytic was his theory and consists on the

Theory Paper

1303 words - 6 pages Every human being living on earth has a particular personality that makes them unique. As creatures of both nature and nurture, it’s important to consider that there are a variety of factors that contribute to the development of our personality (Barness & Parish, 2013). Personality is a set of traits and characteristics unique to an individual. Without the existence of different personalities, everybody would think, act, and display the same

Similar Essays

Approaches To Personality Essay

1537 words - 6 pages and how they react to various situations. Role-related behaviour is how someone conducts oneself dependent upon how they have perceived their social environment. There are five different aspects to personality, three of which will be discussed in this essay: trait, situational and interactional approaches. The trait approach assumes that personality is constant and stable. This means it does not take into account the variety of situations that

Comparing The Nomothetic And Idiographic Approaches As They Apply To The Study Of Intelligence And Personality

1976 words - 8 pages on moment-to-moment change of conscious experience, Maslow and Roger both suggest positive aspects of human being, and motivation is the central aspect of personality. Concentrate on holistic information, Combines easily with other approaches. The major issue is ethnocentric, biased towards Western culture. Measurement is the major issue here because most of these theories are theoretically acceptable but statistically unethical and erroneous

Borderline Personality Disorder: A Case Study And Theoretical Approaches To Therapy

1874 words - 7 pages therapist on-campus specializing in the treatment of Personality Disorders. It is up to MMM to follow-up with her treatment plan. Because her suicide attempt occurred on campus, the Dean of Students is also recommending that she follow-up with the on-campus counseling services. Therefore, MMM really has no choice but to follow-up with her treatment plan. Theoretical Approaches to Therapy Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) NNN

Biological And Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1906 words - 8 pages People often wonder what they are made of and why they do the things they do. Are people born to do and act a certain way, or do they have a choice to act in a certain way? This paper will speak about two approaches that is said to have influence on one the turnout of one's personality. These two approaches are the biological approach and the humanistic approach. By studying these two approaches, one can identify one's personality and whether it