Appropriate Approach by Government to Societal Challenges
The 1930’s depression set a historic moment in which the American people suffered. The economy was declining with increased deaths from malnutrition and diseases. Unemployment plagued the nation. According to Gunderson & Cory (4) the situation grew worse until the government intervened. The intervention changed the role of government in safeguarding the people from economic decline. The depressions served as an opportunity for the government to elicit its mandate and enable the people reflect on its significance in stabilizing the economy.
It is important to allow a laissez-faire type of leadership in the operation of government as was supported by treasury secretary Andrew Mellon. The depression in America was tackled with the conservative approach as noted by Farmer & Brian (225). President Herbert Hoover insisted on Americans to volunteer in helping one another. Hoover refused to give direct support to the American people. He failed to control businesses through taxes and never manipulated the value of the currency (Hoover). Hoover did not supprted socialism, in his view he knew controlling businesses would lead to it. During the next election, Hoover attempted to convince the people that his actions were aimed at strengthening the dollar rather than weaken it. This approach never worked for the Great Depression as the Americans suffered more. The approach also gained support from the cabinet but failed to achieve. The strategy adopted by President Herbert led to his fail during the next election as he could not convince the people about his action in the depression.
The international trade taxes passed also affected trade. For instance the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act that was passed into law in 1930 under the administration of President Hoover. The Act reduced Americas imports and exports, this led to the increase in the length of global depression. Hover believed in protecting the countries resources through tarrifs. According to Northrup and Turney, President Hoover believed that a country’s purchasing power was not influenced by tarrifs but internal prosperity of a country(189). Hoover increased the taxes on foreign exports, to protect America’s resource on agricultute. This made it expensive to purchase from America. Neighbouring countries complained that America’s policies declined World trade growth, thus hindered recovery from the Great recession (Northrup, 226).
It is important to use new strategies that will facilitate in solving the problem. This calls for the incorporation of the expansive approach in governance. If the conservative approach is allowed for long the situation will culminate further. People might end up accepting lack and suffering as part of their life. Working out from the problem is more significant. This can be justified by the success of Herbert’s successor Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR), who advocated for more practical approach to solving the menace...