Legal Methods Of Challenging State Power: What Are The Methods (Legal And Non Legal) Of Challenging State Power Support Answer With Cases And Examples

1344 words - 5 pages

The state is a self-governing body that is independent, has a permanent population as well as a defined territory and is self-supporting. It acquires the power to create and modify legislation. Therefore a state has sovereignty over its territory; this indicates that is has considerable economical, political, social and legal power. The state however also has an obligation to address the needs of the individuals of the state as well as the community, yet; on the other hand legislation is introduced to help limit the power of the state. When the needs of the individual come in difference with the varying needs of the sate, conflict arises; thereby it is required for the needs of the individual and the state to be in balance. Citizens of a sovereign state are able to challenge state power in two ways: by informal means and formal means.The foremost differentiating factor between formal and informal means of challenging state power is that formal means are more permanent and dependable as they are set up by statutory law whilst informal means are pressuring the government through means of media and social power. Examples of bodies that are used to formally challenge state power are the Ombudsman, The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), privacy bodies, the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) and courts. These too are limited as the Ombudsman and general government inquiries have no enforcement power.The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission is a national independent statutory government body, established in 1986 by an Act of the federal Parliament (the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act). The federal Attorney General is parliamentary minister responsible for this commission.Recently the Human Rights and Equal Opportunities Commission held a national inquiry into the mandatory detention policy of refugees that is currently in place in Australia. Their findings were primarily based around Australia's duties as outlined in CROC (convention on the rights of the child. The commission investigated how well they are meeting these duties and responsibilities of a convention that the state itself has ratified.During the inquiry they visited every detention center in Australia, interviewing witnesses, general staff and management as well as a number of the detainees themselves. The major finding of the inquiry was that; Australia's mandatory detention policy is inconsistent with CROC. Drawn from this were the conclusions that children in detention for extended periods of time are at a greater risk of mental illnesses as well as finding Australian authorities had breached human rights responsibilities several times since 1999 as outlined in CROC.The inquiry made the following recommendations; the first being to release all juvenile detainees as soon as possible, appoint an independent guardian for unaccompanied children. The commission also suggested that the Australian government should change their mandatory detention...

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