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Apuntes Filosofia Essay

9566 words - 38 pages

¿Qué es la Filosofía?Visto de la perspectiva etimológica se podría decir que FILO - AMOR SOFÍA - SABIDURÍA. Es un constante cuestionamiento , una constante necesidad del conocer, La búsqueda incansable del la verdad. " Todos los hombres por naturaleza tienden a preguntarse"(ARISTÓTELES). La filosofía comienza cuando los elementos míticos son sustituidos por elementos racionales. Homero y Hesiodo son dejados a un lado como autoridades científicas. Los mitos dejan de ser considerados fuente de conocimiento científico, porque cada pueblo tiene lo suyos. La idea de necesidad sustituye a la arbitrariedad impuesta por él capricho de los dioses.Para poder filosofar es necesario él OCIO esa capacidad de contemplación.OCIO- capacidad de CONTEMPLACIÓNSe podría decir que él precursor o primer filosofo fue TALES DE MILETO (624-546 a.C). Lo propio de la filosofía es pensar mas allá de lo evidente.Origen EDAD ANTIGUA EDAD MEDIEVAL EDAD MODERNA E. CONTEMPERA -Comienzo S.V al S. I-Periodos Helénico(se centró en la Polis)-Periodo Helenístico(se centro en la monarquía) Y para poder distinguir las grandes cuestiones de cada época, los problemas se han centrado en tres grandesA- Él Mundo ( ser, cosmos, naturaleza, Estado, política y sociedad).B- Él hombre (antropología, conocimiento, ética, política, psicología).C- DIOS ( lo sagrado, él sentido de la existencia, la justificación de la fe....).En la ANTIGÜEDADA- Él Mundo se reduce a la CosmologíaB- Él hombre a una AntropologíaC- Dios un principio Metafísico y hacer coherentes las explicaciones.En la edad MEDIA o MEDIEVALA- Él Mundo se reduce ala Sociedad Política y esta al Imperio.B- Él Hombre no se valora como ser Independiente sino como parte de la naturaleza.C- Dios es un poder sobrenatural que todo lo domina concertado en la religión y la Iglesia como instituto omnipotente.En la edad MODERNAA- Él Mundo él Estado surge como algo independiente de la Teología.B- Él Hombre se le reconoce él valor de su Razón y aparece en un primer plano.C- Dios se inicia un proceso de secularización que va quitando preeminencia a lo religioso.En la edad CONTEMPORÁNEAA- Él Mundo se establece la autonomía y valor propio del mundo y la ciencia como modelo de conocimiento.B- Él Hombre se le reconocen unos derechos inalienables.C- Dios la Iglesia de independiza definitivamente del Estado en los países occidentales.Jaspers. K Habla de la filosofía,...

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