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Apush Final: 15 Dbq's Essay

6738 words - 27 pages

Eddie Trejo May 7, 2001 Period 2 APUSH Advanced Placement United States History- Final 1. Analyze Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson's contributions to the progressive movement.The Progressive Era was an age of scientific investigation. The federal government launched massive statistical studies of immigration, women's and children's labor, and working conditions in many industries. Vice commissions studied prostitution, gambling, and other moral ills of American cities. There are three people that stand out as leaders of progressivism. Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson were all presidents that led the nation in the progressive direction. They each contributed to this movement in different ways with different programs.When Roosevelt became president he began to progress the nation by conserving the nation's public resources. He was not against commercial development, so long as it was regulated and mindful of the public interest. Roosevelt added more than 125 million acres to the national forest reserve and he also introduced the Newland's Reclamation Act, which designated the proceeds from public land sales for irrigation development in arid regions. Next, Roosevelt tried resolving the Trust Problem. The depression of the 1890s caused many firms to merge. These mergers or "trusts", as they were called, greatly increased the degree of business concentration in the economy. Of the 73 largest industrial companies in 1900, 53 had not existed three years earlier. Most of them were heavily watered-that is, the stocks and bonds they issued much exceeded the real value of the properties they controlled. Roosevelt solved this problem. In 1903, despite considerable opposition, Congress accepted Roosevelt's proposal for a Bureau of Corporations within the newly created Department of Commerce and Labor. Empowered to investigator business practices, the bureau provided the factual record on which the Justice Department could mount antitrust suits. The most important of Roosevelt's programs was the New Deal, which he used during his presidential campaign in 1904. The New Deal introduced a political style that dramatized issues, mobilized public opinion, and asserted leadership. After many years of passivity and weakness, the federal government was reclaiming the large role it had abandoned after the Civil War. Now Hoover, the target had become the new economic order. When companies misused corporate power, the government had the responsibility for correcting matters and assuring ordinary Americans of a "square deal." Under Roosevelt's leadership, progressivism had come to national politics.Next was William Howard Taft who was chosen by Roosevelt to be his successor. During his campaign he promised to continue Roosevelt's program of the square deal but he wasn't as resourceful as Roosevelt, nor was he as successful. Some problems that Taft ran into were the tariffs. Progressives generally considered high...

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