Aquaculture In The British Columbia Fishery.

2884 words - 12 pages

IntroductionThe rise of the Pacific fishery in the 1870s and 80s produced huge catches, resulting in the development of numerous communities, employment of thousands, the generation of fortunes, and the ability to feed millions of people. Alexander Ewen, an industry pioneer, packed fewer than two thousand salmon in the summer of 1871. It was a modest catch, yet those 30,000 pounds of salmon marked the dawn of British Columbia's modern salmon industry. Today, the fishing industry harvests millions of fish in a matter of weeks. It is valued at over $1 billion annually and provides employment to over 25,000 people. The industry represents B.C.'s largest single food export and the livelihood of many small coastal communities. (7,2)However, Canada's Pacific fisheries are at a crisis point. Despite having had some of the world's most abundant fish resources, capable of yielding great economic and social benefits, many commercial fisherman and companies are now near bankruptcy, fishermen are preoccupied with declining opportunities to fish due to attempts to conserve stock, and the fisheries are a heavy burden on Canadian taxpayers because of the need for government subsidies and regulation. The problems now facing the Pacific fisheries include overfishing, conflict among users, overexpansion of the fishing fleets, and eroding marine and freshwater habitat. (10,3)Here's the paradox: the B.C. salmon fishery, forced to reduce its fleet by the federal government to conserve a dwindling stock, is idling people by the hundreds and losing millions of dollars in potential revenue. But the fish farming industry, which has the potential of creating jobs and millions of dollars of revenue, has been prevented from expanding by a provincial moratorium that has been in place for much of this decade. (16) What has become clear is that utilization of the potentially lucrative aquaculture industry is essential for the revival of the B.C. fishing industry.BackgroundIn 1852, a native man drinking from the Thompson River noticed a glint of light on the gravelriverbed--a nugget of solid gold. When it was offered for sale at Kamloops, the native people were startled at the sensation it caused and the high price it brought. With the declining profits of the HBC's fur trade, Governor James Douglas was particularly excited. He knew that a gold rush would bring population and prosperity to a colony with a scarcity of Caucasians. As Douglas anticipated, the number of non-native people on Vancouver Island grew drastically from only 450: by August 1858, 30,000 had moved through Victoria on way to the Fraser River. By 1859, the rush had moved north, and the canyon became quiet once more. (6,17) Many of the hardy souls still searching for bits of fortune amidst the mud and shale of the Fraser River didn't need much convincing of the potential of the salmon fishery. The Victoria Colonist was urging investment in the fishery, which offered fish "in unimaginable quantity...No country...

Find Another Essay On Aquaculture in the British Columbia Fishery.

Amor De Cosmos: The Spark of Confederation for British Columbia

1345 words - 5 pages Amor de Cosmos played a significant role in bringing British Columbia into Confederation. He founded the newspaper, the British Colonist, and held a number of major governmental positions. Although faced with many obstacles, De Cosmos accomplished three very important political issues. In the first few years of his political career, while in the provincial government, he succeeded in bringing together the two west coast colonies - British

Unification of Colonial British Columbia with the Confederation of Canada_edited

1745 words - 7 pages 180The Confederation of Canada, beginning in 1867, was a progressive unification of British North American colonies. By 1870, there were already seven provinces in the Dominion of Canada. British Columbia's decision to join the Confederation of Canada was due to a combination of the colony's economic and political needs rather than an amorous bond. In the late 1860's, there were generally three choices for the British colony of British Columbia

The collapse of the East Coast fishery in Canada.

939 words - 4 pages The Collapse of the East Coast fishery in Canada.By: Seth GiddensIn 1992, the devastating collapse of the fishing industry on the East Coast of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia forced the Canadian government to take drastic measures and close the fishery. But what could've caused such a horrible downfall of one of Canada's biggest national resources?The East Coast Fishery is made up of offshore fisheries and inshore fisheries. An Offshore fishery is a

This is an analytical essay on the murder of William Robinson, which occured in 1868 on the Salt Spring Islands in British Columbia.

1512 words - 6 pages Cowichan Indians were convicted of murder and hanged. These trials pertaining to these cases were very unsettling in the community and created a grudge between different ethnicities.Of the many inhabitants of Salt Spring Island, the Bittancourt brothers were the two men who profited most from the death of William Robinson. Estalon Jose and Manuel Antoine emigrated from the Azores islands to the Salt Spring Islands of British Columbia, persuaded by

A Chronology of Treaty Negotiations in Canada with emphasis in British Columbia

1330 words - 5 pages money on land claims (Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs).1949 - British Columbia government unilaterally grants Indian people the right to vote in provincial elections. Frank Calder (Nisga'a) is the first native to be elected to the provincial legislature (Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs).1951 - The Parliament of Canada repealed the legislation prohibiting potlatches and organizing to pursue land claims (Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs).1955 - The

Environmental Law and Sustainable Development in the Toothfish Fishery of Heard Island and McDonald Island.

3503 words - 14 pages Introduction: This paper will examine legal frameworks utilized by Australia to address overfishing in the Southern Ocean, specifically the Patagonian toothfish fishery around Heard Island and McDonald Islands, which is expected to potentially collapse within several years because of illegal fishing. This area is within Australia’s Exclusive Economic Zone but is more than 4,000 kilometers from the nearest port, thus placing it far beyond the

Gives various statistics and figures about the canadian tourism industry, specifically on toronto, montreal and the province of British Columbia.

1800 words - 7 pages (5%), and other reasons (3%). Three major destinations can be recognized as the major pull factors for tourism coming to Canada. Toronto, the capital of Ontario is the largest city in Canada and has a massive tourist base. The city of Montreal, also one of the largest cities in Canada, is bi-lingual and has several great travel attractions/destinations. The province of British Columbia is host to such beautiful cities as Vancouver, Victoria and

Discrimination in the British Police

2336 words - 9 pages has forced the British policing establishment to admit to institutional racism. This is a prerequisite for having an important effect of change and to recognizing the problem. However, what is the use of encouraging young people from ethnic groups to join when they fail to be promoted or are stigmatized. This can only reinforce the views of the ethnic community when they leave in greater numbers than they join. Change unfortunately requires

British Colonies in the Future

5673 words - 23 pages one portion and one portion only of that great body of nations which makes up the British Commonwealth. It is, I think, proper that we should regard that community of nations as divided into three parts. There is, first of all, of course, that great association which has found legal expression in the Statute of Westminster-the United Kingdom and the great Dominions. As you see, I still use the word Dominions because it is an historical word and

Why British Men Enlisted in the British Army in 1914

868 words - 3 pages Why British Men Enlisted in the British Army in 1914 When Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, Europe erupted. The Austro-Hungarian Empire invaded Serbia; Russia sends troops to its borders with Austria and Hungary. Germany declares war on Russia and France and marches into Belgium and Britain declares war with Germany and her allies. Although Britain already had a well-trained professional army, it was far too

The British Myth:The Myth of British Air Supremecy in WWII.

3100 words - 12 pages The dominance of British aircraft during World War II played a major part in the survival and eventual victory of the allied forces. Predominantly two designs of aircraft were the most popular, powerful and principal aircraft in the Royal Air Force (RAF). These were the Avro Lancaster, a heavy bomber responsible for many night-time raids into Germany, and the Supermarine Spitfire, which is said to be one of the most powerful fighters of its time

Similar Essays

Polygamy In Bountiful, British Columbia Essay

1099 words - 4 pages them is the Bountiful community in British Columbia and the other community is in Utah, U.S.A. Both of these communities practice polygamy as it is part of their religious beliefs. Polygamy is not legalized in North America, but a British Columbia’s community, Bountiful, has raised several concerns that have legal scholars divided on this issue of polygamy. The essay will only focus on the Mormon community particularly the Bountiful community in

Grizzly Bear Management In British Columbia

4595 words - 18 pages Grizzly Bear Management in British Columbia Grizzly bears in British Columbia represent many things to different people. To a large percentage of the population, they represent all that is still wild about our province, a link to the past before humans came and logged much of the forests, put roads over the mountains, and dammed the rivers. This view of grizzly bears as somewhat of a ‘flagship’ species is reflected in the naming by

The Pain In Fish Farmed Trough Aquaculture

2349 words - 9 pages This paper confines itself to the study of pain in fish farmed through aquaculture and its alleviation. Welfare concerns the physical and mental state of the animal (Lembo & Zupa 2009). It involves the animal’s physiological and psychological capability to cope with its environment (Lembo & Zupa 2009). Under the Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare, an animal is entitled to be free of pain, injury and disease (Lembo & Zupa 2009). This paper concerns

Legalization Of Marijuana In British Columbia And Canada

1884 words - 8 pages The marijuana prohibition in British Columbia and Canada is an issue that needs to be addressed; it does not reduce the total number of people using the substances, increases the cost spent on law enforcement, and is a six billion dollar industry in B.C alone that we are unable to tax (Maclean, 2005). In this paper we will examine three innovations British Columbia could enact the first is legalization of marijuana in B.C and Canada