Humans are no strangers to war. They have fought for freedom. They’ve fought for land. They have fought for resources. Israel became a country in 1948 with the help of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. They thought process behind creating the Nation of Israel was the fact that it was the original Jewish homeland. The Jewish people were desperate for a country to call their own because of the Third Reich. Germany, under the reign of Hitler, had destroyed many homes and relocated Jewish families. Arabs became upset because they had lived there for many generations. Samuel Hazo, in “For Fawzi in Jerusalem,” writes about a narrator having a conversation between the narrator who is obviously an educated and someone who is part of the middle or high class and an Arab shoe shiner named Fawzi. The narrator is most likely Jewish. Samuel Hazo was greatly influenced by the Arab and Israeli War of 1948 and believes that the resentment because of losing their land is justified.
The figurative language is an aspect of the poem that reflects the impact of such war on Samuel. The narrator of the poem is impacted not only by the war but also by the conversation between him or herself and Fawzi the shoe shiner. In the very first stanza, the narrator is “heading [towards] Columbus’ mistake / where life will never be the same” (Hazo 1). The causes for immigration vary but the narrator’s most likely reason for moving is due to the high instability of the Middle East region. Hazo’s quote is also a metonym for the Americas because Columbus “discovered” the Americas on accident while he was trying to find a shortcut to India
in 1452. The narrator is immigrating to the Americas and most likely the United States of
America. The fact that this was written in the very first stanza is very important because the first
stanza is the face of the poem because it is the first thing the reader reads. The poet obviously
wanted that to be read first. Every thing in a published piece of work is very carefully planned
out as shown in the title for the poem. This piece creates a sense of unknown. The narrator is
heading towards a new life and a new land which not only that, it makes the mood lonelier. The
narrator is very attached to Jerusalem and is sad to let it go. The narrator says that when he or she
“talks of fates not just but so, / Fawzi, my friend, [he or she] [thinks] of [Fawzi]” (44-45). But at
the same time, the narrator knows it is for the better. The poet wrote that Fawzi ‘[demands] the
sword to flash again” (6). The poet supports this idea because he makes the narrator submissive
and is very...