Arab Israeli Conflict Essay

1393 words - 6 pages

NOTE: There is also a picture of the Israel area after page one, but I couldn't get that on here.The topics include: -History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: -The Arab-Israeli Conflict Today: -US Involvement: -US Intervention and Policy: -Solutions to the Arab-Israeli Conflict: -Bibliography: =========== History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: The roots of the Middle East conflict can be traced back to the destruction of the second temple in 70 AD. The Jews were forced from their homeland and encountered considerable oppression as they attempted to settle into Europe and Russia. During this period of wandering, Muhammad founded Islam. Islam was to become a strong religion that would dominate Middle Eastern culture even today.When the Jews started to return to their homeland, now known as Palestine, tensions emerged from the great cultural schism between the Muslim and Jewish faiths. The Jews claimed Palestine as theirs because it was their homeland, but the Arabs argued that nearly 2000 years had elapsed since Jews had lived there, so the claim was illegitimate. In 1890, people began to support the idea that a Jewish homeland should be constructed in Palestine, this became known as the Zionist movement. In 1917 the Zionist movement had enough momentum that Britain announced the Balfour Declaration which pledged support for a homeland in Palestine. By 1947, Arab opposition had grown and fermented until it had become hate and war.The United Nations had voted to partition Palestine, but civil war undid all that the UN had accomplished. On the 14th of May in 1948, the nation of Israel was declared. The land that Israel acquired was almost what the UN had envisioned, but the land for Palestine was annexed by neighboring countries. The Palestinian people were left without a homeland. This war, known as the First Arab-Israeli war, would solve nothing, and ultimately lead to a major world conflict that still rages today.The Arab-Israeli Conflict Today: Today the Arab-Israeli conflict is just as hot as ever. The Palestinians generally fight with either Terrorism or small village militias. The Israelis fight back with their 'hit back harder' attitude, which the Palestinians also seem to favor. "We will wage a relentless war against terrorism, because for us it's a question of survival," says Avi Pazner, an Israeli government spokesperson. This only makes the death toll and violence rise higher and higher. It is an endless vicious cycle.A movement among the Arab world that is currently gaining momentum is known as the Saudi Initiative. The Saudi Initiative states that normal relations will commence. This includes exchange of ambassadors, resumption of trade, and full diplomatic recognition. This seems to be embarrassing for Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, who strongly opposes an end to occupation. During the last 16 months of confrontation, four major breakthroughs have arisen-- Sharm Al Sheikh agreed for a cease-fire, the Mitchell committee report, the...

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