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Archaeology Of South Abydos Essay

1415 words - 6 pages

Archaeology of South Abydos.
The late Middle Kingdom settled in a city within Egypt called Microcosm which Microcosms located just south of Abydos. In Microcosm architectural and social engineering took place over 3,850 years ago in southern Egypt. There are scared burial sites throughout Egypt within southern Abydos. Abydos was the first burial place of Egypt’s first pharaohs and religious center for the god Osiris. Osiris was referred to as the God of the dead and the ruler of the underworld. Osiris saw construction for a royal mortuary with a complex name, Enduring-Are-the-Places-of- Khakure-True-of-Voice-in-Abydos. The construction for the royal mortuary was dedicated to the fifth pharaoh of Egypt’s twelfths dynasty, named Khahaure Senwosret III (ca.1871-1841 BCE). The construction took place on the virgin land south of the traditional center of Abydos.
The Southern part of ancient Egypt known as Abydos had an impact on the Egyptian civilization. Geographically, Abydos was located five hundred kilometers south of Cairo on the periphery of Egypt, only fifteen kilometers west of the Nile. Before 3000 BCE, during the Presynaptic period Abydos served as cemetery cite of succession of regional rulers. The necropolis at the time was a burial ground for the pharaoh’s one form the first dynasty and two form Egypt’s second dynasty. Their tombs rest in the capitol of Thinis during the time period of the Presynaptic period. The canine god named Khentamentiu protected the royal burial ground. Over time Thinis and Abydos demised when the new capitol Memphis was founded approximately 3000 BC. Although Memphis was the new capital of Abydos. Abydos grew in religion terms for the royal necropolis. Toward the end of the Old Kingdom (2200 BC), Abydos became the focal point of the god of the underworld Osiris, and the Osiris cult was formed. When Osiris’ cult was formed, the God himself was considered to be reborn in the Egyptian society as the pharaoh of the netherworld. The Pharaoh being buried at Umm el-Gaab, the new identity of joining the canine god Khentamentiu and the once Pharaoh Osiris was now known as the Lord of Abydos. Osiris was popular in Abydos during the first Intermediate period (ca.2200-2050 bce.) also within the Middle Kingdom as well. The Pharaoh and their subject noticed the cult of Osiris was also growing. As the Royal Cult grew the buildings were established around the temple dedicated to Osiris. The buildings were made up of private chapels and tombs built on the ground site of the necropolis in the city of Kom es-Sultan west of Umm el-Gabb. The history of Abydos continued after the end of the Middle Kingdom. The Temple is the best known for the monument in Abydos. Preserved from the nineteenth dynasty built by Seti I (ca 1294-1279 BCE). The witnessed of the Middle Kingdom, the developed the of the Osiris cult. During the time of the Middle Kingdom, Senwosret III constructed a complex tomb at south Abydos in memory of the great god...

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