Archimedes And The Principle Of Buoyancy

1787 words - 7 pages

Archimedes is regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time, and most of his inventions, theories, and discoveries are used even to this day. Archimedes was born sometime in the year 287 BC, in Syracuse Sicily (Mac).
His father, Phidias, who was an astronomer, and his mother, which little information is given about, were natives to Sicily. Archimedes is said to be related to Hiero II, meaning he would have lived a somewhat royal life (Famous). Being of one of the Greek, he was to study and be more intelligent than other countries children. Not only where his favorite studies math and science, there were also poetry, music, art, astronomy, politics, and military.
After gaining an above average education, he got to study at Euclid, a well-known math school (Mac). While he was there, he got into a habit of sending theories into the school, but without putting any proofs with the statement, which let the other mathematicians claim as their own work. This, in turn, prevented him from becoming possibly better known that he already is today, or perhaps could have helped him in the long run in inventing his brilliant contraptions.
While he was in school, he studied with some of the most brilliant scientists of his time, and even long time afterword’s, Conon of Samos, and Eratosthenes of Cyrene. With these two helping Archimedes, he would become one of the greatest and well known scientists of all time. (Famous)
One of Archimedes first discoveries was when he was assigned the task of seeing if King Hiero II’s crown was pure gold, or was mixed. The man that they bought the crown from was questionable, and many thought that it was a mixture of gold and silver (Mac).
One day, while he was taking a bath, he sat down and noticed as he got into the tub, the water leveled raised. Something clicked inside of his head, and he shouted “Eureka,” meaning; “I have found it,” and ran through the streets with excitement naked. Archimedes took the mass of gold equivalent to the crown, and put it in a tub of water, and noticed how much it rose, or displaced. He then took the crown, and put it in the same tub, and noticed the water raised more, proving silver was added to the crown. This went on to be known as the Principle of Buoyancy (Famous).
Archimedes went to Egypt for a small amount of time, and while there, he perfected and demonstrated the Archimedes Screw, and is still even used today (Ancient). Archimedes screw was mainly used to remove water from a large ship, and was used there for lowering the water out of the Nile and other rivers, similar to locks, as well as a tool for irrigation, and is still used for that use even to this day.
Archimedes then went on to start creating inventions for the military, such as the heat ray, and the claw (Famous). The claw was a giant claw attached to a ship, and was used to snatch onto an enemy’s ship, and was literally able to rip a ship out of water, completely decimating it. This was the most efficient and...

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