Archimedes is a well-known scientist, who started modern day science. Archimedes studied and influenced many areas of science and mathematics. Some of the areas he influenced include; astronomy, mechanics, geometry, hydrostatics, and many more. Archimedes discoveries and inventions are very helpful in the world of both mathematics and science. Many of his ideas and discoveries are the foundations of the things we know about in both science and math.
Archimedes was born in Syracuse, an island of Sicily. He was born in 287 B.C. and was a citizen of Greece. When Archimedes was born an olive branch was hung on the doorstep of Phidias, the father of Archimedes and an astronomer, to announce he had a son. The birth of Archimedes was celebrated by two festivals. The first festival was when he was five days old. His nurse ran around the floor of the fireplace in the living room with the family and slaves following her. This ceremony put Archimedes under the protection of the gods forever. The tenth day marked the second festival and is when Archimedes was giving his name. He just had a first name that was carefully chosen to bring him good luck. After Archimedes was named, the guests gave gifts as an offering to the gods, and a feast was served. Archimedes would grow up to be one of the best scientists the world had ever known (Bendick 1962).
When Archimedes was older he was always working his mind by performing experiments to gain knowledge or to prove his theories. Many of his theories were new and not something discovered by scientist that came before him. He only had the basic principles of a mathematics teacher, Euclid, which was not much information. Archimedes only knew that a straight line is the shortest distance compared to a curve line. The deeper the curve of the line the longer the distance was between the two points (Bendick 1962).
Archimedes is the person that started modern science and gave us a logical way to think about mathematics in a step-by-step process. He would work all of his ideas and proofs in the sand on the floor in his workroom. Papyrus was to scarce and clay was too hard to change or correct. He developed the more advanced and difficult type of mathematics and was the first to introduce large numbers. Archimedes also laid down the foundation to the discovery of calculus. He worked on almost every mathematical subject except algebra because the number zero did not exist during his time. Without the number zero you cannot have algebra (Bendick 1962).
Out of all the areas that Archimedes influenced mathematics was his favorite. He would write about mathematics in complicated essays. He worked with arithmetic, trigonometry, and geometry. Geometry was Archimedes favorite type of math. He studied many shapes such as circles, triangles, ellipses, parabolas, spirals, and many more. Archimedes favorite discovery using geometry was the ratio of a cylinder to a sphere. This is where if you were to take a sphere and make a...