Architecture Throughout History Essay

2035 words - 9 pages

Architecture has changed immensely throughout the course of history. I will start of by saying architecture is the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. Therefore that said we have improved our way of building structures to make them last and look magnificent. All through this essay I will discuss how architecture has changed throughout history in four sections. The first section will cover architecture from the 10,000 B.C.E to 1 C.E. Second section will cover architecture from 1 C.E to 1,000 C.E. The third section will cover architecture from 1 C.E to 1,800 C.E. Last but not least the fourth section will cover architecture from 1,800 C.E to current day. Throughout all of these time periods architects have played a big role in architecture from Michelangelo to Ludwig Mies, they have all made a contribution to the beautiful art that is architecture.
Architecture from 10,000 B.C.E to 1 C.E was somewhat unique. During this time period Architecture varied greatly due to the fact there were so many civilizations out there with totally different cultures and locations therefore changing the way structures were built. In Egypt due to the scarcity of wood Egyptians had to rely more on mud brick and stone to build their structures. Ancient Egyptian houses were made out of mud collected from the Nile River. It was placed in molds and left to dry in the hot sun to harden for use in construction. Most of Egyptian structures and monuments are based upon religion. Massive structures characterized usually by thick, sloping walls with few openings, was a method used to stabilize the mud walls. Since the arch wouldn’t be invented for another hundred years, they relied on closely spaced columns and external walls to prevent a cave in. Located on most of the walls and columns were usually hieroglyphs (Greek for “sacred carving”). Now we all know we can’t talk about Ancient Egyptian architecture and not talk about the Great Pyramid of Giza. This humongous
Structure is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids located in what is now El Giza. Since this pyramid is so old we don’t really know who designed this building but it’s believed to be Hemiunu. The Great Pyramid of Giza consist of an estimated 2.3 million limestone blocks which were most likely transported from nearby quarries. With a height of 480.6 feet, this pyramid remained the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. In this specific civilization the location and circumstance really did limit what the architects could work with and what they could do but it didn’t stop them from creating one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world.
But what about other civilization during this time period? We all know Egypt is located in a desert and it is strictly limited to resources and foreign explores due to its natural borders. Now let’s head northwest of Egypt toward one of the greatest civilization of the time, Ancient Greece. Ancient Greek...

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