Arctic Sovereignty Essay

1172 words - 5 pages

PAGE PAGE 1 Writer Surname
[Writer Name][Supervisor Name][Subject][Date]Arctic Sovereignty Will Cause Global ConflictThesis statementThis paper discusses if Arctic Sovereignty can Cause Global Conflict.The Arctic is the largest inhabited region on Earth: a vast area of fjords and tundra, jagged peaks and frozen seas, glaciers and icebergs. It's the realm of the polar bear and a wealth of other impressive wildlife, and is home to indigenous peoples who have adapted to live in one of the harshest environments in the world. The Arctic also contains the most productive marine ecosystem in the world, with four of the world's 10 largest fisheries, and its icy waters house the largest deep-water coral reef in the world. (Markinda, Samuel M. Murdoch, Pp 51)The Arctic influences both regional and global climate, as surface waters that flow north into the area cool and become more saline and dense, sinking and flowing back out of the Arctic at great depths. Known as 'thermohaline circulation', this is an important feature of the world's oceans and carries heat from the tropics to the poles. (Creery, Ian, Pp30)The Arctic is under intimidation from a number of pressures. In addition to climate change and ocean acidification, over fishing, noise and toxic pollution, oil and gas exploration and production, and even corroding nuclear arsenals all have impacts.( oft-quoted figure-that the region contains 25% of the world's undiscovered oil and gas-is generally attributed to America's Geological Survey. It has never made an efficient study of the Arctic, or put a figure on its energy riches. However the United States and other Arctic nations are doing a survey now and a clearer image may soon emerge. (Ole, 46)In the Arctic Government action has more to do with transportation than with under-sea treasures. However for shippers no less than for miners and oilmen, potentials of quick gains may be burnt. (David, 132)In present international law, the countries ringing the Arctic Russia, Canada, the U.S., Denmark, and Norway which owns Greenland are restricted to a 200-mile economic zone around their coasts. (Ole, 47)A UN convention declares no one know how to claim jurisdiction over the Arctic seabed as the geological configuration does not match the neighboring continental shelves.Although scientists of Russia claimed that the 1,220-mile long underwater Lomonosov Ridge is geologically connected to the Siberian continental platform and parallel in structure.They guess that the ridge has ten billion tons of gas and oil deposits and important sources of gold, tin, diamonds, nickel, lead, manganese and platinum. (Ole, 45)(Source: Magic Statistics, is doing by analytically maping the contact of its Lomonosov underwater shelf. Institute of Antarctic supposed, "It's similar to placing a flag on the moon." (Klubnikin & Causey, 72)This is more like waving a red flag in front of a bull For Canadians.Canadians have all the time...

Find Another Essay On Arctic sovereignty

Canadian Sovereignty over the Northwest Passage

2423 words - 10 pages A complex collection of more than 1800 separate islands forms the Canadian Archipelago and Canada’s Arctic territory. 1 Within recent history the arctic has gained popular attention from governments both domestically and internationally. The rise in global climate temperatures accounts for longer, ice free Arctic summers, higher levels of resource exploration and development, and less challenges to access in the Arctic. Canadian sovereignty over

The Northwest Passage: Canada versus The United States

1475 words - 6 pages used these waters for millennia” (p.175). For Canadians this second fact strengthens their claim. The issue of sovereignty when it comes to the Arctic waters in general, and particularly the Northwest Passage, developed over decades. According to Elliot-Meisel, “The Northwest Passage, a northern water route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, was first sought in the fifteenth century, but traversed until the twentieth century,” (p.207). The

Paper Discussion

1043 words - 5 pages undermining democratic processes and, at the very least, advocating policies that exacerbate poverty and disease” (AEI, 2003). Indeed, voluntary organizations have been accused of being self-serving and harmful to the sustainability of (especially) developing countries by imposing their visions and beliefs on local government and institutions and undermining sovereignty (AEI, 2003). Nevertheless, AEI acknowledges the contributions of NGOs as

Geography: Regions of Canada

806 words - 3 pages forms the basis of regional quarrels” (Bone, p. 11) particularly for the centralist/decentralist faultline. English/French speaking Canadians focus on Quebec and sovereignty, while the Aboriginal/Non-Aboriginal faultline deals with land claims, settlement and colonized peoples. Newcomers/old-timers refer to immigrants and settlers of Canada. The core/periphery model is a key concept that is commonly referred to throughout the text. It depicts the

Santa is Canadian Isn't He?

772 words - 4 pages It started during a parliamentary discussion about Russian attempts to militarize the Arctic. The Government says that it will resist the Russians at all costs; the Liberal Party, led by Justin Trudeau, says that sovereignty ought to be something for oceanographers to decide. Conservative MP and parliamentary secretary Paul Calandra argue, "All of a sudden the Liberals are suggesting that Santa Claus is no longer Canadian and that they

History of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, A.K.A. The RCMP

1395 words - 6 pages the settlement process by ensuring the welfare of immigrants, fighting prairie fires, disease and destitution. Between 1895 and 1920 the R.C.M.P. expanded dramatically. Mounted Police jurisdiction extended to the Yukon in 1895 and to the Arctic coast in 1903. There were a number of battles fought in the Northwest Rebellion of 1885, Duck Lake, Fort Pitt, Cut Knife Hill and the pursuit of Big Bear. The prefix "Royal" was conferred on the NWMP by King

Inuit Culture and Society

1846 words - 7 pages When you mention Alaska and the Arctic Circle, one envisions igloos, dog sleds, and invariably, Eskimos. However, little do most know, that what most refer to as Eskimos is actually a generalization representing three distinct groups. In order to understand the societies that live in this region and acknowledge their cultural differences we must explore the different groups that inhabit this region of which there are two: the Inuit, and the

The Arctic Voyages of Martin Frobisher, 1576-1578

2644 words - 11 pages . As early as December 1578, realizing that there was no more fame or fortune to be had in being connected to the enterprise, Frobisher accepted employment in the Queen's service. Although Frobisher's gold mines were soon forgotten his three voyages to the Arctic sparked not only interest in a north west passage to the Orient but also the idea of English sovereignty over northern North America. Over the next three hundred years

THE RCMP This Essay Outlines The RCMP's Current Structure And Gives A Historical Perspective. Outlines Why The RCMP Is A Canadian Icon

1836 words - 8 pages Royal Canadian Mounted Police and became responsible for federal law in addition to provincial.From 1920 to present day the RCMP has been fine tuning itself and has made drastic improvements making it a very effective and efficient organization. In the 1920's detachments were established in the east and in the Arctic to protect Canadian Sovereignty. The 1930's brought about the RCMP Marine Section and the development of National Police Services


2361 words - 9 pages structures of Canadian government, and with accordance to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms"(Hylton 447). The Canadian Constitution Act (April 1982) itself recognizes the inherent right of Aboriginal peoples to self-government. The modern day right to self-government is predicated upon prior occupancy, prior sovereignty, treaties, self-determination, and preservation of minority culture. "A claim of prior occupancy corresponds to a relatively

A Brief History of Whaling

2341 words - 9 pages their British adversaries, and were painted to resemble war ships. Throughout the 19th century catching the whales was done by hand. Harpoons were thrown from double ended boats which carried about 5-7 men. These boats were usually about seven to nine meters in length. American vessels were constructed from half-inch cedar planks, while the Arctic boats in Europe were built much stronger with frames made of oak, and three-quarter-inch fir

Similar Essays

What Is The Federal Government’s Strategy To Support Its Claims To Sovereignty In The High Arctic?

1641 words - 7 pages What is the federal government’s strategy to support its claims to sovereignty in the high Arctic? The Canadian Arctic, one of the defining features of our vast landscape. It spans more than 40% throughout our country and is home to more than 100,000 Canadians (Arctic, 2013). There is a variety of climate and terrain throughout this region. The Arctic in general has ownership claims by many countries including Canada, Denmark

Exploiting Resources In The Arctic Exhibition

981 words - 4 pages to continue, to create better Arctic maps thus claim sovereignty for England? Nevertheless, the creation of maps may have played a key role, in the development of Arctic sovereignty – see exhibit five. In recent times, certain Arctic states have tried to expand their sovereignty through continental shelf claims (Smith, 2009). This may be due to fairly large amounts of fossil fuels being discovered below the Arctic Ocean (Bird, et al., 2008

Shell In The Arctic Essay

2413 words - 10 pages one of geopolitical disputes over sovereignty, borders and resources. In 1994, the UN ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which established a framework for exploitation in the north. It gave Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia and the United States legal claim to the coveted seafloor territory, as well as the possibility to seize more. Although all countries are open to exploiting natural resources in the Arctic

Evaluate The Impact Of Global Warming On Resources Access And Security In The Arctic Circle.

2194 words - 9 pages global warming exposed a significant number of the most used resources on earth (oil and gas), and since many countries around the world have been interested by the accessibility of these resources in the Arctic Circle. The problem is that the Arctic is surrounded by many states and it doesn't fully belong to one country in particular. Therefore, the surrounding countries are trying their best to claim legally their sovereignty over it. This of