This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language?

834 words - 3 pages

Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language?

Scientists have shown that such mammals as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans are capable of learning and using ASL (American Sign Language) and several artificial languages like, for example, «Yerkish.» However, there is a controversy in how far that ability of great apes spans. There are two different groups of researchers, experimenting with language and apes, those who are in favor of a «traditional» approach, and those who prefer a new, «modern» one. Most debates among them are about the questions:

Can great apes meaningfully relate words?
Can apes create sentences?

Having in mind these two questions, I tried to find the answer using the literature written by researchers belonging to both «traditional» and «modern» doctrines.

Can great apes meaningfully relate words?

«Traditional» researchers believe that great apes cannot meaningfully relate words. They believe that apes just use words which are mostly liked by their trainers in each concrete situation, but they can be meaningless to apes. For example, «only 12 percent of utterances were spontaneous-that is, 88 percent were preceded by a teacher’s utterance» (Herbert Terrace, 1979). In addition, a famous psychology professor at Columbia University, Herbert Terrace, argues that «even if an animal produced such a sequence» as «water bird,» «we could not conclude that it was a sentence» (1979). Moreover, «the words and word order may be meaningful to an English speaker, they may be meaningless to the animal producing them.» Not only Herbert Terrace, but also Duance Rumbaugh has argued: «apes spontaneously string word units (signs, lexigrams) together»(1979).

These two scientists proved their affirmations by experiments and, maybe, I, as a result, would believe them; however, there is another group of scientists who states that apes are capable of meaningfully relating words. This group of scientists is representing a «modern» doctrine. These researchers believe that apes are able of stringing words together meaningfully. For example, Francine Patterson, a president and research director of the Gorilla Foundation, announces than «after four years of Project Washoe, by 1970, Washoe, a trained gorilla, had acquired 132 signs, and she used these signs in combinations similar to those employed by children during the first stages of learning to talk»(1978). Moreover, she, conducting experiments with Koko highlights a moment when she «became irritated with» Koko «negatively,» Koko «quite accurately described herself as a «stubborn devil»»(1978). I don’t know what that means to other researchers, but for me it really proves that at least one...

Find Another Essay On Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language?

Research Proposal: Are radiographers capable of undertaking the role of Practitioner under IR (ME) R?

1674 words - 7 pages Assignment DescriptionTitleAre radiographers capable of undertaking the role of Practitioner under IR (ME) R?Background The Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2000 require that every request for an imaging procedure involving the use of ionising radiation be justified by a Practitioner before the investigation proceeds. However, there is variation in practice within imaging departments regarding which health professionals are

Planet Of The Apes Satire Essay

748 words - 3 pages The setting of the movie compared to the setting in the book makes Planet of the Apes one of the greatest satires. In the movie, the setting takes place on earth in the future where apes deny and are afraid of the past, whereas the setting in the book is on a different planet where apes are civilized and technologically advanced, and the humans were primitive creatures. The orangutans in the movie prevent what happened to the humans from

Using the Power of both Phonics and Whole Language

3366 words - 13 pages Whichever way you learned to read, chances are you never knew what the terms “phonics” or “whole language” meant. However, these are the terms that are at opposite ends of an on-going debate over the best way to teach children how to read. “Simply stated, supporters of the whole language approach think children's literature, writing activities, and communication activities can be used across the curriculum to teach reading; backers of phonics

The Rise of the Planet of the Apes

1635 words - 7 pages , primates like Caesar are able to learn sign language and other ways to communicate but they are not able to talk. “The Rise of the Planet of the Apes” was a very good movie to watch, I would recommend this movie to other students taking this class. The movie portrayed primates in the way we learned about them in class although some of their behaviors and characteristics were not always true to what we learned. The movie did do a good job with showing the categories that primates have although some of their behaviors were exaggerated.

"The Planet of the Apes" (Goldsmith vs. Elfman)

1266 words - 5 pages composers were able to portray the theme of the film to the best of their abilities. I appreciated their work in these films; they are very talented musical composers.Jerry Goldsmith's music in "The Planet of the Apes" was considered to be bold and original in the world of film. Goldsmith is well known for hits like, "Patton" and "Chinatown". The film," The Planet of the Apes" itself helped depict the outcome of the music in "The Planet of the Apes

Planet of the Apes - Anthropology 1 - Final Research Paper

1517 words - 7 pages enabled these apes to construct an advanced civilization that parallels those in our world. Actual scientific research, however, dictates that language and speech in nonhuman primates are not as simple as the book may suggest. Rather, speech is a phenomenon enabled through a combination of anatomical traits and cognitive capabilities. Ethics of conducting experiments on nonhuman primates are raised after Ulysse witnesses fellow human peers being

Case Study: The Saga of the Great Apes

2782 words - 11 pages million dollar industry.The conservation and environmentalist organizations have an ecocentric perspective of the issue. They are concerned with the protection of the great apes and the ecology of their environment. As such, the indigent human populations who depend on the bush meat as a source of food for survival are of no concern. The needs of the human popoulations for the other natural resources in the region also have no importance. The

Science Fiction Essay - "Planet of the Apes": There should scientific elements that are to be considered, use them in your essay if you can

944 words - 4 pages Science fiction text like the one studied "Planet of the Apes" has typical and common elements such as conventional characters, setting, themes and plots. These are explored in Planet of the Apes and in numerous different ways across a number of different texts which helps to classify science fiction genre.Conventional characters in Planet of the Apes would be that the good guys are not considered to be as powerful as the bad guys. The good

How planet of the apes is an anti-war film

828 words - 3 pages Some things aren't always what they seem, sometimes there more sometimes there less. In many cases there is a hidden meaning or clues that suggest theirs more than meets the eye. One particular film that caught my attention is planet of the apes the story of slavery, and history repeating itself. Its cryptic value is so hard to see I had to watch it three times to find it. When I finally found it I wondered how I missed it the two times earlier

What Are the Side-Effects of Using Kratom?

741 words - 3 pages Kratom is the latest go-to, gray market drug for teens and others seeking a 'legal' high. Chronic pain patients are also reporting Kratom as a viable substitute for opiates. As it is thought to bind to the brain's opiate receptors, could the herb prove to the next latest-greatest alternative to narcotics? This remains to be seen, but some of what we are seeing is not altogether warm and cozy. While most plant therapies carry few, if any

are humans rational individuals capable of making their own decisions? - critical ideas of contemporary social and political theory - essay

1348 words - 6 pages Caldonia Keighery-Green S3664098 Critical thinking assessment 1 Adam 11.30 Wednesday Word count: 1028 exc. references People are primarily rational individuals capable of free choices. Discuss with reference to at least one theorist of subjectivity mentioned in week 2. The assertion that most neurotypical humans are rational individuals capable of reason and logic implies we are autonomous, and therefore able to make free choices constrained by

Similar Essays

Planet Of The Apes Essay

1321 words - 6 pages cynic and skeptic, sees man as violent and destructive. When he arrives in the future to a world where apes are supreme the antagonist of the film, Dr. Zaius states, “Man is evil! Capable of nothing but destruction!” As much as these two creatures are at odds with each other they hold the same cynical view of mankind. It isn’t long into the film before the viewer realizes that life in the future at an unknown location is different from our

Planet Of The Apes Essay

626 words - 3 pages planet. Here, the Apes rule and humans are nothing but caged salves. Immediately, he takes charge and escapes from slavery with a few friends, resulting in having the entire Ape race on his trail. Retrieving a tracking devise from his pod, he is directed by it towards the mother ship that he believed to have landed on the planet in his search. The place of the ship is a sacred, off limits land, where the Ape generation first began. Not caring

Planet Of The Apes Essay

873 words - 3 pages William Shatner of Star Trek fame. He has produced dozens of shorter works of fiction and three screenplays for film and television. Although too modest to tell you himself, Mr. Quick has been listed in "Who's Who In America" since 1996, and as Captain Kirk himself put it. The protagonist is Captain Leo Davidson. He has to find a way out of the planet in order to stay alive. He finally gets some of the humans that are also on that planet. The apes use

Tarzan Of The Apes Essay

1370 words - 5 pages I just finished reading Tarzan by Edgar Rice Burroughs and I must say that I enjoyed the story very much. Tarzan shows the reader that you can overcome many obstacles. One of the biggest obstacles in the book is the racial tension that is present, the black apes versus Tarzan the white man. We can sort of parallel this to how blacks are treated in today?s society. This story also reminds me of a theory my father told me about since we have