Are Carbohydrates Important To Human Beings And Other Animals?

572 words - 3 pages

How does this relate to the body?
All these components of nutrients relate to the body by distributing chemical components to all body organs. There are major, minor and trace elements in the body. The major elements of the body are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphors, calcium and nitrogen. The minor elements are chlorine, potassium, sodium, magnesium and sulfur. One example of a trace element is fluorine, any many more that come in even smaller amounts. The most important abundant chemical is water. Water makes up about 90% of all human cells in the body. Molecules of water consist of two bonded hydrogen atoms into one oxygen atom. Water is to regulate your body temperature. Water also allows nutrients to enter into your tissues and organs. It also helps remove waste and prevents dehydration. If dehydration occurs in the body, it means you are losing more water than you take in. Carbon is the second most ...view middle of the document...

Nutrients are also carried into different types of tissues. These different types of tissues are muscle, fat, bone and etc. Nutrients can help repair tissues with regeneration. Nutrients help with disease such as nerve regeneration, liver regeneration and beta-cell regeneration.

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Carbohydrates in Humans
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in humans and animals, but carbohydrates are not considered to be essential nutrients to humans. Carbohydrates make up about 605 of the body’s energy. Carbohydrates can classified into three categories in this order: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates are classified by the number of sugars they have, mon=1, di=2, and poly=3. Carbohydrates make up a huge part of foods such as: noodles, rice and bread. In humans carbohydrates can be put into two groups simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are consumed quickly and raise blood sugar levels rapidly. Some examples of simple carbohydrates are potatoes, bread and oranges. Complex carbohydrates are sugars that have long, complex chains of molecules. Polysaccharides are referred to as complex carbohydrates due to their long chains of sugar units. Some examples of complex carbohydrates are vitamins, minerals, yams and spinach.

Carbohydrates in Animals
To animal’s diet, carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients that provide them with energy. Carbohydrates are considered essential to an animal’s diet due the fact that they cannot digest as many nutrients as humans. Due to this, an animal’s digestive system is specialized to break down carbohydrates which play a huge role in gasto-intestinal functions. Carbohydrates in animals are digested into the enzyme amylase. The enzyme amylase breaks the molecule into smaller pieces that can be absorbed and used by the body. Amylase is produced by the pancreas of all mammals and released into the small intestine where digestion occurs

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