Are Current Assessments Effective In The Identification Of Specific Language Impairment In Bilingual Children?

2155 words - 9 pages

A recent research article by Gillam, Peña, Bedore, Bohman and Mendez-Perez (2013) examined the accuracy of the current EpiSLI testing model for bilingual children with specific language impairment (SLI). Additionally, it explored whether the current EpiSLI model could be modified to give better results in the diagnosis of SLI in bilingual children.
Gillam et al. (2013) recruited and screened 1,192 kindergarteners identified as English Language Learners (ELLs), using a bilingual screener to evaluate each child's grasp of both English and Spanish. A follow up study was conducted when the children reached first grade. At this point, they had experienced a year of schooling, and received instruction in English at least 30% of the time. Overuse of commas. I've marked them in red (as well as some other questionable punctuation usage) throughout. HOWEVER, I'm no English major so take my opinion with a grain of salt.
Each child had to meet certain criteria to be eligible for the study. They had to be identified by their primary caregiver as Hispanic; have at least 20% conversational exposure to both English and Spanish; and score below the 30th percentile in one of the subtests given in the bilingual screener. Ultimately, 167 children met all criteria and were eligible for the study.
Gillam et al. (2013) tested the children using the original EpiSLI assessment model, and compared the results to evaluations of the same children by a panel of bilingual Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs). *To answer their second research question, they tried to enhance the test’s reliability by setting cut-off scores for the different subtests of the EpiSLI, based on statistical analysis of the test results. Their objective was to find reliable cutoff scores on particular subtests or combinations of subtests correlating with the presence or absence of SLI, as determined by the conclusions of the SLP panel. and gather the best possible outcome for the identification and differentiation of children with an impairment or children who just had a language difference.
Gillam et al. (2013) found that both the original EpiSLI model, and the version modified for the study, over-identified SLI among bilingual children. In a significant number of the children studied, both models failed to differentiate between impairments and mere language differences. The large number of false-positive test results indicated that another measure of SLI among bilingual children should be developed. Since both the original and modified models were found to be problematic in the identification of SLI, a third, “optimal” model using analytical statistics was created. The optimal model was found to be superior to the revised EpiSLI model in diagnosing SLI, but no more effective than the revised EpiSLI model at ruling out SLI.
The researchers made the distinction that the unmodified EpiSLI model is ambiguous when discerning SLI in bilingual children. The children assessed by the SLPs as having...

Find Another Essay On Are Current Assessments Effective in the Identification of Specific Language Impairment in Bilingual Children?

Language Processing in the Bilingual Brain

2344 words - 10 pages experiences. According to Hanen Centre’s article, “Bilingualism in Young Children”, children can learn multiple languages in one of two ways – simultaneous acquisition, in which children are exposed to bilingual environments since birth, and sequential acquisition, in which children learn their second language when “the first language is well-established (generally after the age of three)” (Lowry, “Bilingualism in Young Children”). Though there

Critically assess the view put forward by linguist Noam Chomsky that children are "predisposed", to learn language with ease because their brains contain "language acquisition devices"

1433 words - 6 pages towards language development and learning explain it? Which one of them gives us a better explanation of why children develop language in the way they do?Language here, we are referring to the mother tongue of human beings. A baby will try out his vocal organ by making some basic sounds, known as phonemes. And then, he will combine the phonemes to form prefix or suffix that are known as morphemes. With these basic units, language development will

Assessments in the Classroom

1800 words - 8 pages my students are learning and progressing towards their goals. If students are struggling then I look at my own teaching and re=adjust how I present the lesson when I re-teach the material. This allows me to be a more effective teacher and the students to become better learners. When I use different forms of formative assessments, the students do not become bored and it allows for them to express their knowledge in different ways. An engaged

The Rise and Fall of the Three-Stage Model in Bilingual Language Development

1824 words - 7 pages extant interpretations, bilingual children develop differentiated language systems from the beginning and are able to use their developing languages in contextually sensitive ways” (p.161). He explains that is it natural to code-mix because they are learning the structural patterns of communication that exist in their social context. Hence, it is a natural process to mix the two and eventually they will figure out the monolingual pattern. “[B

The Ethics of Assessments in the Classroom

1886 words - 8 pages (Winthrop University, 2011). However, the evidence gathered for the report was from a small group of in-service teachers undertaking further study at two universities, and may be subjective, the authors themselves warn against generalisation of the findings. The report’s aim is to document the specific ethical conflicts faced by teachers in assessment and expand prior research undertaken by Green, Johnson, Kim, & Pope, (2007) & Johnson, Green, Kim

Language Development in Exceptional Circumstances: Auditory Impairment

2145 words - 9 pages relations and extended this to cases where an adult signer would not. From their study Bellugi and Klima provided evidence that Sign Language is a real language and the acquisition of it occurs in the same way as speech in hearing children. They concluded that “It does seem that, in spite the change in modality; the milestones of language development may be the same” (1974: 64). There are many untruths surrounding sign

The Acquisition of Spoken Language in Deaf Children

2203 words - 9 pages . Regardless of where or how one lives, the process of acquiring language is often predictable. There are about 7000 languages spoken in the world today and infants can acquire any of them if exposed to enough linguistic input. This process is disrupted when the child is not receiving typical language exposure. This is the case for deaf or hard of hearing children. Depending on the degree of hearing loss, part or all of the speech signal is lost as an

Principles of language impairment - Assignment

1552 words - 7 pages outlined in these graduated/staged approaches are that scant resources ‘would be better used to offer more support for families and teachers, rather than to attempt to provide direct therapy for a small number of children,as is the current approach’ (Conover 1971,32). Sustainable approaches for language impairment require knowledge translation and capacity building, so that generalization and accommodation can occur in the context of everyday

Language Attainment in Children

778 words - 4 pages it depending on the properties of the second-language writing system (e.g., Gottardo & Mueller, 2009). Children’s cognitive skill is under developed. Children tend to be dependent thinkers and beginners and hence need teacher to be straight on what, when, and how a subject is learned. Adults’ cognitive skill is more advanced. Related to children, adults are more independent and self-directed in a way that they are aware of the fact of what they

Language Acquisition in Children

1607 words - 6 pages Language Acquisition in Children Introduction The study of language development, one of the most fascinating human achievements, has a long and rich history, extending over thousands of years (Chomsky, 2000). As the nature-versus-nurture argument is inevitable to arise whenever human behaviors are discussed, it is not surprising that language experts have debated the relative influences of genetics and the environment on language

Blind Faith and False Belief: An Examination of the Development of Theory of Mind in Children with Congenital Profound Visual Impairment

1893 words - 8 pages case of the children in this study, the false belief would be if they can correctly identify how another person would respond to a specific task, if that person had limited information that the children were previously made privy too. These tests are important because, as they article explains; the testing false belief is the most direct way to access if a person has a fully developed theory of mind (Dennett cited in Green 2). What makes the study

Similar Essays

Studying Processing Speed In Children With Specific Language Impairment

934 words - 4 pages A recent research study has concluded that the speed of processing in children with specific language impairment (SLI) is generally slower than that of children with normal language. The purpose of this study, which was performed by Miller, Kail, Leonard, and Tomblin (2001), was to test the generalized slowing hypothesis using a broad variety of carefully chosen tasks that were all administered to the same children, and to contrast the slowing

Primary Language Impairment Of Bilingual Chidlren

1210 words - 5 pages The article, “Three Treatments for Bilingual Children With Primary Language Impairment: Examining Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Domain Effects”, presents a study that was funded by a grant received from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). A common developmental disorder such as the one examined in this study, Primary or Specific Language Impairment (PLI), is defined by poor language abilities not

Improving Language Acquisition In Bilingual Children

3205 words - 13 pages speak (TEDTalk: Kuhl). Research shows that from the time of birth to the age of 7, children impressively absorb and collect patterns of language unlike at any other age, despite the contrastingly different sounds that can clash as a result of exposure to more than one language. For some first generation bilingual speakers in the U.S., learning English as a second language is not something done simultaneously while learning and developing

Is Dyslexia A Specific Form Of Language Impairment?

1220 words - 5 pages Dyslexia may be defined as " a specific language based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in reading and/or spelling which are unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive abilities" (Bonte et al 2004). Currently there is a vast array of research focusing on trying to define and explain dyslexia, however there still lies some disputes as to what causes this disability. Central to these arguments are the fact