Are Ethical Statements (Axioms) Different From The Statements Of Science?

1157 words - 5 pages

"Ethical axioms are found and tested not very differently from the axioms of science. Truth is what stands the test of time."- Albert EinsteinFirst of all, we have to understand what exactly the term 'axiom' or saying is. Axioms are "self evident truths" or "universally accepted principles or rules." The first definition can be applied more closely to ethical axioms while the latter more closely to the scientific ones.In this sense, an ethical axiom can be "It is wrong to take someone's life," and a scientific axiom can be "Every object continues in its state of rest or uniform speed in a straight line unless a force acts on it." The first example shows an obvious truth that is universally accepted by people with 'healthy' minds. This conclusion must have been reached like a scientific axiom -- by observation -- that is, by seeing that killing someone arouses strong emotions and counter actions in people related to the victim in some way. A widely accepted test to see if an action is ethical is to try to see if one would like the same thing done to oneself. When this test is applied, the immorality of killing someone is supported. Now let's look at the example of a scientific axiom, called a law. It was stated that every object continues in its state of rest or uniform speed in a straight line unless a force acts on it. This example is known as Newton's first law of motion. This law has been reached through careful observation of objects in motion, and with the recognition of friction as a force. Recognition of friction is crucial since when friction is present, objects slow down and eventually stop. However, friction can be minimized for experimental purposes. A puck on a hockey rink will move nearly at a constant speed and in a straight line unless a force acts on it, that is, when someone hits it.In both examples, the axiom was reached by generalizing observations, and later a small test was done to show how they apply. The way these axioms are reached and tested appears similar up to this point. However, when the tests are further examined, it can be seen that the test for morality requires asking oneself if one would want others to act in the same way. The answer is self-explanatory and subjective. There may not be much question about being murdered, but people clearly have differing views about euthanasia. There are even cases where this test may not apply, such as capital punishment. On the other hand, the test for Newton's first law of motion shows clearly that as much as senses can perceive, the law holds true. For further precision, the test can be repeated taking the small friction into account, and using instruments that will provide more precision than our sensesIn cases where there are exceptions, scientific and ethical axioms are treated quite differently. The initial example of an ethical axiom, that it is immoral to kill, still stands. Killing would be "acceptable" if one was being attacked, and it might be acceptable to put one...

Find Another Essay On Are ethical statements (axioms) different from the statements of science?

"Four Basic Financial Statements". Provide an explanation of the four basic financial statements used in business.

913 words - 4 pages an external user would have to sift through to get a general idea of a company's financial health, companies typically produce four different types of basic financial statements.The four basic financial statements are:1) Income Statement - "Presents the revenues and expenses and resulting net income or net loss of a company for a specific period of time." (Weygandt, Kimmel and Kieso, 2008. pg.21). This is probably the simplest of the four

Review of Financial Statements Paper

1330 words - 5 pages recommend the merging of these two companies, we would begin by conducting a financial comparison of two publicly traded companies.Both companies are being audited by the best accounting firms in the world. Coca-Cola is being audited by Ernst & Whinney since the 1920's, and Arthur Young's account firm is currently auditing Pepsi Cola for two and a half decades.Financial Statements Utilized by Coca-Cola and PepsiCompanies use several different

Analysis of Financial Statements Simulation

979 words - 4 pages condition by studying some of its key financial ratios. Analyzing ratios allows us the opportunity to ask the right questions about a company's financial situation, providing answers that is needed when making this type of decision. I believe the Wagner suite weighted the importance of the financial ratios in the Analysis of Financial Statements Simulation.ReferencesOnline Simulation. (2009). Analysis of Financial Statements. Retrieved from University of

Review of Financial Statements Paper

1855 words - 7 pages The annual reports of Wal-Mart and Target are provided free of charge via Walmart.com and Target.com. Upon inspection, the Wal-Mart and Target reports include meaningful financial statements included in their annual reports.Product or ServicesBoth Target and Wal-Mart sell roughly the same types of products and services. Wal-Mart has a few extra services or products that Target may not have but they are pretty much equals in their industries

Analysis of Insurance Financial Statements

1806 words - 7 pages price competition, which are the major causes for the current Hard Market in the Insurance Industry.Final Commentary Different sets of accounting principles are used for financial and insurance regulators. Insurance Financial Statements are much more conservative than most other Financial Statements, meaning that they don't make the company look any stronger than it is. This is partly because of heavy regulation, but also because of

Analysis of the Mission and Vision Statements of JPMorgan Chase

2465 words - 10 pages conditions making it a good choice, and the type of strategy that would make the merger a success. The appropriate rewards that would best motivate employees toward achieving the desired strategy will be determined. An evaluation of how this company’s current strategy supports ethical business behaviors. Mission and Vision Statements The mission statement of JPMorgan Chase & Co is “to be the best financial services company in the world” ("JPMorgan

The Vision and Mission Statements of Kingdom Financial Holdings Limited.

960 words - 4 pages above.CONCLUSION:Although some elements of the vision and mission statements of this company were criticized, these statements are short, easy to understand and can easily be memorized by the company's stakeholders.REFERENCE1. Thompson Jr Arthur and Strickland 111A.J, Strategic management concepts and cases page 5 - 17.2. Kingdom Financial Holdings Ltd, Annual reports.3. Wankel Charles and Stoner James, Management pages 111 - 132.4. Enterprise Leadership Magazine, volume 2 number 2 2004.5. 2004 Lecture notes - Mr Mutowo

How relevant (to her audience) are the statements that Pink makes about the values and attitudes in society? How does she communicate these statements?

1154 words - 5 pages Living in society, many situations arise, particularly for Pink's audience of young girls, where moral instruction is required to mould them into self-sufficient young women.Pink employs a didactic approach in her music and in doing so, uses her role model status for the purpose of communicating positive values and attitudes to her audience of impressionable young women.In the text 'Most Girls', "relationships" are paralleled to the financial

Financial Statements Paper Principles of Accounting

644 words - 3 pages IntroductionThis paper will define the purpose of accounting and identify the four basic financial statements. These financial statements include, the income statement, retained earnings statement, balance sheet and statement of cash flows. This paper will further explain how these financial statements are related with each other and why they are useful to business managers, investors, creditors, and employees.AccountingThe purpose of accounting

Information Technology and The Auditing Professional: The Statements of Auditing Standards No. 109

924 words - 4 pages very close attention to how the information system used by the entity treats the following: “different types of transactions, whether the procedures are automated or manual, keeping of accounting records, preparation of financial statements .” It is important for auditors to keep in mind that information systems still require manual input and because of that, even when data is automatically transferred to financial reporting elements, errors can

Critically discuss and evaluate the following statement: "It is quite clear that an individual State cannot create international law. Nor are the acts or statements of a single State of any...

517 words - 2 pages interstate networks are more effective at creating law than large internatioanl players - transnational networks and less power to the states means that due to the interaction between different invidiuals from various states would create inernational law rather than a single state.-regulator networks - networks of financiers and bankers and transnational networks of regulators and transnational networks of goverment (made out of poeple from all sectors

Similar Essays

"Different Cultures Have Different Truths". "A Truth Is That Which Can Be Accepted Universally". What Are The Implications For Knowledge Of Agreeing With These Opposing Statements?

1295 words - 5 pages agree with the opposing statements collectively or individually. The first statement in itself, "different cultures have different truths", surely suggests that a culture itself is identified by a shared belief of what is true by its people, and what the "truths" are to each culture is what differentiates them from others. The implication for knowledge for accepting these statements collectively is that truths can vary if we consider the

The Purpose Of Financial Statements Essay

1835 words - 7 pages four areas of information, which we can collect from a company's financial statements. They are: Ÿ Profitability - This information comes from the Profit and Loss account. Were we can compare this year's profit with the previous years. Ÿ Liquidity - This information comes from the Balance Sheet and the Cash Flow Statement. Ÿ Efficiency - This information can be found in the Balance Sheet but also some

Analysis Of Financial Statements

2370 words - 9 pages Analysis of Financial PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Running head: ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTSAnalysis of Financial StatementsYolanda Cannon, Tiffany Nicole Jackson & Karmisha WomackUniversity of PhoenixFinancial Analysis for Managers IFIN/324Robert Fencl10 May 2007Analysis of Financial StatementsFinancial statements or reports are records of a company's financial transactions. They determine the profitability of a company's finances in the

Review Of Financial Statements

1840 words - 7 pages . Along with the financial statements, "McDonald's annual report focused on highlights from the menu to the money along with letters of welcome from the Chairman, Andy McKenna and CEO, Jim Skinner." (McDonalds Corporation, 2009). The financial reporting still included the management's report on internal controls, the report of independent registered public accounting firm (Ernst & Young, LLP), the balance sheet, statement of income, statement of