Are Odd And Cd Real? And How/Do They Differ?

969 words - 4 pages

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD) are two very unacknowledged disorders that are very well and much present in society nowadays. Like Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) And Attention Deficit Hyper Disorder (ADHD), ODD and CD can affect one’s abilities in life and school, unlike ADD and ADHD which are highly recognizable disorders, ODD and CD are unrecognizable by most and considered “fake” disorders that are just putting a name to childish rebellion. Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder are in fact “real” and are recognized by the DSM-5 list which is apart of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders classifying ODD and CD to be Impulse Control Disorders therefore establishing them to be considered as real mental illnesses/disorders in our society. ODD and CD generally coincide and are found more common with individuals who have also been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyper Disorder (ADHD). Although, ODD and CD are real disorders and categorized as the same type of disorder, they are considered to be two different disorders, CD is a more developed and elongated version of ODD.

In 1980, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) began researching oppositional defiant disorder with its first diagnosis in 1987, this confirmed it to be a real psychiatric disorder. ODD is characterized by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and listed as an ongoing and recurring pattern of defiant, hostile, disobedient, and negative behavior towards authority figures. Those who suffer from this disorder may often appear to be angry and stubborn. According to the diagnostic guidelines, the characteristics must exist for at least 6 months and must occur more often than children who are at the same developmental level. According to Psych Central, the official symptoms/characteristics of ODD are “characterized by the frequent occurrence of at least four of the following behaviors: losing temper, arguing with adults, actively defying or refusing to comply with the requests or rules of adults, deliberately doing things that will annoy other people, blaming others for his or her own mistakes or misbehavior, being touchy or easily annoyed by others, being angry and resentful, or being spiteful or vindictive.” In order to be diagnosed with ODD you must exhibit at least 4 of these characteristics. Commonly you will find that the diagnosed child will have frequent temper tantrums, persistent anger and much more. These characteristics can and often do lead to problems with school and social interactions.
Conduct Disorder on the other hand is a serious emotional and behavioral disorder that typically occurs in the years of youth. Children with conduct disorder show a pattern of violent and disruptive behaviors and also have problems following rules. Although it is not uncommon for adolescents and rather typical of and for...

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