It is important for anyone doing physical activity to keep well hydrated, for performance to be at its best. Sports drinks are specially formulated to help people rehydrate during or after exercise. Drinks such as Gatorade and Powerade contain the main electrolytes and carbohydrates, which are used by the working muscles, to maintain optimal sports performance (Medindia.net, 2014). The acidity of sports drinks and the sugars, is raising health concerns, and creates unnecessary calories. (Nutritionwonderland.com, 2014) Sports drinks are proven to only be necessary when working intensely for over 90 minutes, so an athlete running a marathon may need a Powerade, but water is the best source of hydration for exercise of 90min or less. (Griffith-Greene, 2014)
Sports drinks contain electrolytes such as sodium and potassium, which carry an electrical current and aid in bodily functions as well as replenishing and rehydrating your body. (Griffith-Greene, 2014) Just as fluid balance is strictly regulated, the electrolyte balance in the body’s cells, must maintain at a certain level. When the body’s electrolyte balance is at the correct level, nerve impulses and muscle contractions, occur as intended. When, there is an imbalance of electrolytes in the blood, cell functions, physiologic function deteriorates and athletic performance is impaired. (Powerbar.com.au, 2014) Electrolytes are salts which are part of the body’s natural fluids, and so as an athlete or anyone who engages in physical activity sweats, electrolytes, are lost. If electrolytes are lost too quickly, the body is not able to restore them, which means, that deterioration begins to take place. Although drinking sports drinks means that the electrolytes are able to replenish the lost electrolytes, which means the body diverts away from dehydration. (Streetdirectory.com, 2014)
Muscle cramping, is a painful spasm of the muscle, which usually occurs due to dehydration and or improper electrolyte balance and renewal. Every athlete wants their body to perform smoothly, without compromise, and just as you shouldn’t wait until dehydrated to drink, you shouldn’t wait until you finally have a cramp, before stocking up on electrolytes. Cramping, therefore, is your body’s way of telling you that you are low on electrolytes. ((Www.Zaneray.Com), 2014)
Sports drinks contain ingredients which have raised health concerns. The main ingredients in sports drinks are glucose, sucrose, and fructose or high-fructose corn syrup. (Insidetracker.com, 2012) Gatorade’s Glacier Cherry Perform drink, contain 41g of sugar per serving, which is equivalent to 10 teaspoons of sugar. (Griffith-Greene, 2014) Although sugar is necessary for the drink to taste good, sugar can have long term effects on...