Today we live in a multicultural society, which means a nation is made out of several ethnic groups, with different cultures. But why was there xenophobia and racial hatred between peoples and why does it still exist? What really is "foreign", and what effect does it have on young people and young adults. And the most important question is: What is racism? I will in the course of my essay examine these issues.
Firstly, I would like to define the term racism generally and talk about its characteristics: Racism is an ideology that uses real or fictitious differences between two ethnic groups for the benefit of the Prosecutor and for the detriment of the victims. Racism wants the victims to ascribe to all kinds of bad properties, to prove their negativity and shows the positivism of the prosecutor at the same time. Racism is an absolute ideology, because it explains the differences for definitive and in general. For example, all coloured people are for all time inferior to the white population in mental capacity. This attitude always causes, therefore, a hierarchy of the society. It justifies and legitimizes an injustice against the victims group.
We differentiate several types of racism. The biological racism relates, as its name suggests, to biological differences (skin colour, skull shape, etc.) A racist abuses biology to the devaluation of its victims. Cultural racism uses the cultural differences. It can be said that biological and psychological racism are always found in a combined form. This creates an absolute society of course. It should be noted that the term racism is in the context of its definition confusing and not correct, because it actually suggests that it is exclusively concerned with the devaluation of another race, but it is a devaluation of another ethnic group, regardless of whether they become a different race or not.
Racism in history, the crime in the black population:
Since the beginning of modern times, with the discovery of America, the great European colonies were formed. Particularly in Africa was a lot of land in possession. The mother country always made profit from the colony. It took her valuable raw materials to trade with other countries. In addition the dealing with human beings was booming at this time, predominantly black people were sold as slaves. They called the trade between Europe, Africa and America triangular trade. In the 19th Century, the mother countries themselves had a high demand for raw materials, which they got from the colonies. The coloured native population had to work as slaves on plantations and mines for the Whites. The question now is what the discrimination and degradation of these people warrants since the beginning of imperialism. The racists made the legitimacy of this injustice their target.
The term race was first used at the end of the 17th century. At that time, it was only to distinguish the people, but included no hierarchy. Only in the 18th Century, the different...