The Applied Behavior Analysis Program For Autistic Children

2022 words - 9 pages

The decision to be parents is a very special experience. Right away, parents start preparing for when the child comes into the world. But who can ever prepare for being a parent to an autistic child? Autism is a developmental disorder that causes delays in social, cognitive, fine motor, and also gross motor skills. According to Autism Speaks “ASD affects over two million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide. Moreover, government autism statistics suggest that prevalence rates have increased 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years.”(Autism speaks, 2014). Autism appears more in boys than girls; “An estimated 1 out of 54 boys and 1 out of 252 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States.”(Autism Speaks, 2014). Usually around 18 months is when the child is showing abnormal behavior and isn’t hitting the growth milestone the child should be. Autistic children who are diagnosed earlier by a pediatrician are more likely to be successful to be put into an Early Intervention program. Now it comes for the time for the parent to decide on what is the right program for their child, so the child adapt and learn skills they have learned from previous program. In this research paper, it will be further explained why the ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) program is the most structured and effective program best fitted for autistic children, and will give them a chance to more likely improve their skills overall.
The Applied Behavior Analysis program can provide an autistic child to learn many new skills such as language skills, self- help skills and also play skills. This program can also help with behaviors such as stimulatory behaviors, behaviors with aggression, and also self-injury behaviors. According to Autism Speaks, “Behavior analysis focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one such principle. When a behavior is followed by some sort of reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behavior analysis has developed many techniques for increasing useful behaviors and reducing those that may cause harm or interfere with learning.” (Autism Speaks).
To get some insight of the room set up, it is most appropriate to look at the ABA Classroom Procedures. The routine goes according to the new incoming students. The first procedure is the picture schedule for the classroom. This gives a specific visual structure to the daily activities that will occur throughout the day. It helps children with autism to adapt to the next activity without any surprises. Next is the Preference Assessment. Preference Assessment is very unique; it helps us seek out which toys and snack the child desires and what would be more rewarding to the child when performing Discrete Trial Training trials. These desired items are recorded each month on a sheet called Reinforcers Inventory to see if the preferred items change or stay the same. There is also a technique...

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