Born in 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece, little did the world know that there would be such great teachings, philosophies, theories, and laws to come all from this one person: Aristotle. Aristotle contributed to so many of societies biggest questions, wonders, and even fears. He worked with several other extremely significant philosophers of the past, and still well known today, much like Aristotle. He has made huge impacts that are still widely felt throughout modern society, in spheres such as political, scientific, and social. It is pretty safe to say that Aristotle is without a doubt at least in the top 25 most influential people in history.
By the time Aristotle was about seventeen years old, he had moved to Athens. He moved to Athens so he would be able to study in Plato’s Academy, a very prestigious learning facility. He stopped going to Plato’s Academy around 347 B.C. when Plato died, and at this time he traveled to Assos in Asia Minor. Here he expanded his previous philosophical studies and took up marine biology and did this for about two to three years before he left to go be a teacher for Alexander the Great in 343 B.C. He then later in his life set up his own school, called Lyceum, in order to educate the people of multiple and varying topics of life. Alexander died in 322 B.C. due to diseases and natural causes.
Aristotle studied under both Plato and Socrates. He is known as the one who rejected Plato’s theory of forms. He provided the world with many of his own philosophies. His many philosophies concerned several main areas of life, including religion and simply just ones duty in life to others and to themselves. He defines the soul as being “the perfect expression or realization of a natural body.” He teaches that there are different tiers, one of them being responsible for our emotions and other for our “nutritional virtue”. These things from our soul are both irrational and rational, and it is determined to be irrational if animals experience the same thing as we do. He teaches that our moral virtue is our ability to control our passions and emotions. He states that there is a rational, purely rational, area of our soul, which deals with reasoning abilities and logic. He calls this intellectual virtue. Aristotle expands upon each of these teachings and goes into great detail, as well as speaks about the virtues and tries to explain the difficulty in living a virtuous life. He by no means says that is it impossible, but makes clear the reality that it is far from simple. Self-respect is taught as the best and most necessary of all the virtues. He discusses the topic of morality and how morality is directly proportionally related to moral insight. He says that “the truly good person is at the same time a person of perfect insight, and a person of perfect insight is also perfectly good” (www.iep.utm.edu). Aristotle explains the idea of pleasure in relation to goodness and how they are not the same. Another important...