This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Aristotle Essay

895 words - 4 pages

The city is a political partnership that comes into being for purposes of self-sufficiency but exists primarily for the sake of living well. Man is by nature a political animal, because he has the ability to communicate and to dialogue and about justice and the good. The city is prior to the individual.Natural slaves are those who perceive reason but do not have it. It is mutually beneficial that such people be ruled. There are also slaves according to the law, who may or may not be natural slaves. Mastery is rule over slaves, but political rule is rule over free and equal persons.Holding women, children and property in common as Plato suggests in the Republic is not beneficial to the city. Holding property in common will not reduce factional conflict, but may actually increase because of a sense of injustice.A citizen in the strict sense is one who shares in making decisions and holding office. Citizenship is therefore essentially democratic, but the notion of citizenship in practice must differ according to the nature of the regime. Commonly speaking, however, a citizen is usually considered to be anyone whose parents are citizens.The virtue of a good man and an excellent citizen may be different, because the virtue of a citizen is determined with a view to the preservation of the regime. To the extent the actual regime approximates the best regime, the virtue of a good man and an excellent citizen will coincide.Correct regimes are those which look to the common advantage. Deviant regimes are those which look to the advantage of the rulers, and they involve mastery rather than political rule. The correct regimes are kingship, aristocracy and polity; the incorrect regimes are deviations from those and are tyranny, oligarchy and democracy respectively. Kingship is rule by one person, aristocracy is rule by a few based on merit, and polity is a mixture of democracy and oligarchy. Democracy is rule by the multitude, oligarchy is rule by the wealthy, and tyranny is monarchic rule of a master.Justice is equality for equals and inequality for unequals. Because the city exists for the sake of living well, virtue must be a care for every city.Which element of the city should have authority? The multitude may collectively be better judges of certain things, so it is proper for them to share in deliberating and judging, but they should not share in the highest offices. Laws need to be made in accordance with the regime. The just one's regime is, the more just the laws will be. The good of politics is justice. The best claim to rule is education and virtue, but there is also a claim to rule...

Find Another Essay On aristotle

Aristotle Essay

1138 words - 5 pages An ethical issue that is debated in our society is the concern of driving while intoxicated. Although this was naturally not the case during Aristotle’s time, many of his ethical beliefs can be applied to refute this dilemma. I will prove the standing issue to be unethical through Aristotle’s discussion of virtue and his concept of voluntary/involuntary actions in the Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle believed that of the

Aristotle Essay

1676 words - 7 pages Aristotle (384-322 B.C) was born in northern Greece, and as a young man went to study under Plato in Athens. He wrote extensively on philosophy, science, literature, and politics, but much of his work has been lost. His Politics is an acute and terse analysis of fundamental theoretical issues, which not only reflects both the ideals and the short comings of ancient Greek political life, but also contains valuable ideas for today.'Man" said

Aristotle

997 words - 4 pages Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist,who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born atStagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athensto study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher.When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia

Aristotle

1946 words - 8 pages Aristotle was born in 384 BCE at Stagirus, a Greek colony and seaport on the coast of Thrace. His father Nichomachus was court physician to King Amyntas of Macedonia, and from this began Aristotle's long association with the Macedonian Court, which considerably influenced his life. While he was still a boy his father died. At age 17 his guardian, Proxenus, sent him to Athens, the intellectual center of the world, to complete his education. He

Aristotle

651 words - 3 pages Aristotle was born in 384 BC in the town of Stagira, state of Macedonia, in northern Greece. His father was a physician. He was a gifted student and therefore was sent to Athens to study in the Academy of Plato. He remained there for some twenty years until Plato died.In 342, he returned home and was employed by King Phillip of Macedonia as the private tutor for his 13-year-old son, later to be known as Alexander the Great. When Alexander

Aristotle - 556 words

556 words - 2 pages Aristotle was one of the Sophists who studied the limits of knowledge and the nature of moral action. Plato was his teacher, but both believed in the separation of mind and all matter. They believed virtue should be developed for the good of the state and the citizen himself. Aristotle also investigated several other subjects: logic, biology, zoology, poetry, and politics, rather than just the intellectual side of life as Plato did.During his

Aristotle

1123 words - 4 pages Aristotle      In our fast paced technologically advanced society today, our governments have evolved into supposedly well oiled machines effectively managing budgets, jails, militaries, as well as many other programs. Unfortunately, many of these governments are not as well organized, as they could be. Democratic countries like France, Germany, and even the United States have some very serious shortcomings to the way their governments are

Aristotle - 1257 words

1257 words - 5 pages evolves, so do the right and wrongs, our values and morals, and ethics. In this essay, there are three different ethical theories by Aristotle, Kant, and Mill. They have written teachings dealing with reasoning in ethics. This is as far as the similarity between the three goes. They disagree on reasoning moral agents should employ when coming to a decision about moral obligations in any particular circumstance.The aim of this paper is to clearly show

Aristotle - 1453 words

1453 words - 6 pages Is Aristotle right- Highest good Happiness? Happiness is a challenging emotion or state of mind that is hard to define. It is remarkably difficult because every person on earth has a dissimilar view on happiness. Happiness should be understood as something that fulfills the person’s abilities. If he or she achieves happiness, then that equates to a balance of pleasure, honor, and self-sufficiency. Aristotle believes the greatest good

Aristotle Essay

1090 words - 5 pages Aristotle was said to be the most memorable philosopher in Roman Times. Being in a part of the lower-class, he had more opportunities than the people in his same social class. With these opportunities, Aristotle took full advantage of them and built a life for himself. Throughout his lifetime, he accomplished many things. Aristotle’s findings have proven throughout the many years they have been useful. 1 Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in Stagira

plato & aristotle

880 words - 4 pages In these sessions, I have gained a better understanding of Aristotle and Plato’s ideas and theories. Particularly, I have a specific interest in Aristotle and the notion of the two extremes and to aim towards the “gray or middle of the road”. I also have an interest in Plato’s theory regarding the just and unjust and the repercussions of their actions.      Aristotle is trying to achieve that single point in which life

Similar Essays

Aristotle Essay 557 Words

557 words - 2 pages Aristotle (b. 384 - d. 322 BC), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle's' writing reflects his time, background and beliefs. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia. His father, Nichomacus, was the personal physician to the King of Macedonia

Aristotle Essay 630 Words

630 words - 3 pages Aristotle's Own Plato may have been the greatest of Greek philosophers. But he failed to convince his greatest student of these doctrines. As founder of the Academy, he set up the first school in Athens. It was here that Aristotle came to study. Though Aristotle was a student of Plato, he spent his life developing his own theories and concepts quite different from those of Platonists. Aristotle went on to create the Lyceum school, also located

Aristotle Essay 1616 Words

1616 words - 6 pages Aristotle The primary concern of political theorists is to determine by what form of constitution the state will most likely succeed. According to Aristotle the definition of political success means the general happiness of the citizenry. Both Aristotle and James Q. Wilson share the belief that molding excellent character within the citizenry is the first and most important step towards solidifying the happiness of the state as a

Aristotle Essay 1256 Words

1256 words - 5 pages Born in the year of 384 B.C. Aristotle was seen as conventional for his time, for he regarded slavery as a natural course of nature and believed that certain people were born to be slaves due to the fact that their soul lacked the rational part that should rule in a human being; However in certain circumstances it is evident that Aristotle did not believe that all men who were slaves were meant to be slaves.In his book Politics, Aristotle begins