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Aristotle Essay

1257 words - 5 pages

PART 1 UNFINISHEDAs humans we are faced with many decisions in life, which in and of itself, separates us from the animals. Humans take into account our vales and morals. In choosing which path to take with some of life's decisions, ethics are often at the center; heavily influencing our choices between what is right and what is wrong. Which are usually defined by society, as to what is acceptable and what is not. As time goes on, society evolves, so do the right and wrongs, our values and morals, and ethics. In this essay, there are three different ethical theories by Aristotle, Kant, and Mill. They have written teachings dealing with reasoning in ethics. This is as far as the similarity between the three goes. They disagree on reasoning moral agents should employ when coming to a decision about moral obligations in any particular circumstance.The aim of this paper is to clearly show how compare and contrast of Aristotle's ethics are practical reasoning from virtues as means to the final end of human happiness-"Gold Mean", Kant ideologies are sound such as categorical imperative, and Mill's moral theory differ greatly from both Aristotle's theory of ethical virtue and the utilitarian doctrine of acting in the way that would procure the greatest happiness for the greatest number of peopleFor Aristotle, by happiness Aristotle seems to mean 'well being' the fulfillment of our distinctive functions. Aristotle says that happiness is the highest good because it is sought for its own sake and nothing else that is justice is sought because it leads to good life. According to Aristotle the best way to achieve happiness was to inculcate and exhibit those qualities that are most productive to live in a society. Kant uses the test of consistency as the core of fundamental moral law which he calls - categorical imperative: those actions are right which conform to principles one can consistently will to be principles for all men, and those actions are wrong which are based upon maxims that a rational creature could not will that all men should follow. Kant further explains the relation between good will & duty highlighting that a good will is one, which acts for the sake of duty. Indeed, human actions have moral worth only if they are performed from duty.Kant's ethical theory many would argue is very successful because as a theory it provides a strong moral framework centered on the obligation of human beings to do their duty. It is good in some ways to solving moral problems because it is rational, consistent and completely impartial because he does not look good upon the role of emotion in the making of moral decisions. Kant provides a strong moral framework for the rights of human beings and each human's essential worth, and in this sense it is a superior theory to that of Aristotle's virtue ethics because Aristotle saw human beings in terms of the philosophers, politicians and the crowds and so not all humans in his theory did have equal rights and...

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