This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Aristotle And The Book Of Nicomanchean Ethics

950 words - 4 pages

Florida International University

Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics

Haley Beahn (2697300)

PHI 2600

Professor Henry Maklakiewicz

16 April 2014

Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics
In Book I of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that the ultimate human goal or end is happiness. Aristotle then describes steps required for humans to obtain the ultimate happiness. He also states that activity is an important requirement of happiness. A virtuous person takes pleasure in doing virtuous things. He then goes on to say that living a life of virtue is ...view middle of the document...

Ultimate Happiness
Aristotle states in his book of ethics, the human function is the life activity of the soul that has reason. He explains this further by stating that some sort of activity of the past of the soul that has reason is according to virtue. This then creates what is a good man. For Aristotle, in order to be happy, humans must perform their function well in accordance with virtue. Aristotle argues that moral virtues are desire regulating character traits, which are at a mean between more extreme character traits or what he sees as vices. As Aristotle gives an example, he states,
In response to the natural emotion of fear, we should develop the virtuous character trait of courage. If we develop an excessive character trait by curbing fear too much, then we are said to be rash, which is a vice. If, on the other extreme, we develop a deficient character trait by curbing fear too little, then we are said to be cowardly, which is also a vice. The virtue of courage, then, lies at the mean between the excessive extreme of rashness, and the deficient extreme of cowardice. Most moral virtues, and not just courage, are to be understood as falling at the mean between two accompanying vices. [Nicomachean Ethics, 12]
Aristotle lists some virtues that are means between two extreme vices, For example one that would be quite popular in todays society would be “Give money” as the natural urge, stinginess would be the deficiency, generosity would be the virtuous mean and extravagance would be the vice of excess. Aristotle also writes
I have sufficiently stated that moral virtue is a mean, then, and in what sense it is so, and that it is a mean between two vices, the one involving excess, the...

Find Another Essay On Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics

Aristotle and Ethics Essay

1742 words - 7 pages 3.0 VIRTUE 3.1 Moral Virtues The term ‘virtue’ is from Latina that meant ‘strength’ or ‘power’. Aristotle’s theory of moral virtue argues that our ultimate goal in life should be happiness. To do so will require our ability to function correctly in our thoughts and actions using our sense of reason and innate understanding of moral virtues (Smith, 2011). Moral virtues are learnt by habit and constant practice (SparkNotes, 2005). Aristotle

"Aristotle on Business Ethics" is a short essay on the ideas of Aristotle and how they may apply to the business ethics which we hold today

1023 words - 4 pages Aristotle on Business EthicsHow much emphasis is placed on morality and ethics when involved in business? Most will answer with the mindset that ethics and morality are essential in business; however do they reflect their answer in their actions? This question of the importance of morality and ethics in business applies to more than just the world's businessmen and women. The minds of millions of people all over can relate to this subject of

Comparative essay describing the ethics of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Emmanuel Levinas

893 words - 4 pages might not like it-- one should act ethically out of the goodness in one's heart. On the other hand, Aristotle believed one should act ethically as part of a community-- based on politics. He also expected a benefit in return, contrary to Kant. Aristotle said that it is ideal to achieve a reasonable means in ethics, and he expected to gain something-- like happiness for instance-- in return. Also, contrary to Aristotle's theory, Kant's theory

Aristotle and Friendship, Philosophical Ethics

609 words - 2 pages live without friends even if the individual had all of the other good things in life. He also describes friendship as a virtue and as just. Given the above statements on friendship, it is safe to say that Aristotle felt that friendship is something that every human must have in order to reach a peaceful state of mind. It has all of the qualities of good as long as both parties of a friendship are considered good. Therefore, the role of friendship

Aristotle and the Techne of Rhetoric

1433 words - 6 pages endeavors while simultaneously producing much of his philosophical treatises, which focused mainly on logic, metaphysics (which he invented), philosophy of nature, the soul and psychology, and ethics. All of this came to an end however with the sudden death of Alexander in 323 B.C. which instigated the down-fall of the Macedonian government. In order to escape prosecution for his ideas, Aristotle fled the city. Unfortunately he died shortly after of

The Life And Works of Aristotle

2258 words - 9 pages empiricism--the view that knowledge is grounded in sense experience. 'There is nothing in the intellect,' he wrote, 'that was not first in the senses.'EthicsIt seemed to Aristotle that the individual's freedom of choice made an absolutely accurate analysis of human affairs impossible. 'Practical science,' then, such as politics or ethics, was called science only by courtesy and analogy. The inherent limitations on practical science are made

The Biography of Aristotle

3762 words - 15 pages manifesting in nature, and Ethics is the science of Ideas applied to human action. Aristotle's science of sciences was Logic, the science of analysis, the weaknesses of which form the theme of Boris Bogoslovsky's book, The Technique of Controversy.Plato divided knowledge into two classes, the one dealing with the noumenal, the other with the phenomenal world. The first he called real knowledge, the second, opinion. In this statement we find a clear

The Views Of Reality Of Plato and Aristotle

1015 words - 4 pages The Views of Reality of Aristotle and PlatoIntroductionThe purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the views of reality of both Aristotle and Plato. Plato and Aristotle, two of some of the greatest philosophers of Ancient Greece, were connected in studies. Plato was taught by Socrates, then Aristotle studied at Plato's Academy. Plato was the first of the two to study, and Aristotle then studied there. And, upon learning this, one would

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PHILOSOPHIES OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLE

1803 words - 7 pages Plato and Aristotle are undoubtedly the greatest of philosophers that the world has seen. Both Plato and Aristotle formed unique and distinct theories about the Greek city states. While most people believe that Plato and Aristotle are complete opposites of one another, it is not completely true. For those who have studied the works of both the philosophers, the theory proposed by Aristotle is just a development of the Platonic system because

Aristotle on the Nature of Happiness and Virtue

1643 words - 7 pages Maybe it’s not clear for many people but, for me it is. Happiness does not depend on what we have; happiness comes from us our soul. Aristotle enshrines happiness as a central purpose of human life and a goal in itself. Virtue, which Aristotle believes that is the balance between two excesses, and definitely achieved by maintaining the mean. Aristotle always asks what the ultimate purpose of human existence is. Everywhere we see

Philosophy of Aristotle and How It Relates to the Classroom

737 words - 3 pages Introduction Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher. He was a student of Plato and the teacher of Alexander the Great. Together with other Greek philosophers like Plato and Socrates, he is considered to be one of the most important figures in Western Philosophy. Educational Philosophy “All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth

Similar Essays

Aristotle And The Book Of Nicomanchean Ethics

1506 words - 6 pages Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics In Book I of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that the ultimate human goal or end is happiness. Aristotle describes the steps required for humans to obtain happiness. Aristotle states that activity is an important requirement of happiness. He states that a happy person cannot be inactive. He then goes on to say that living a life of virtue is something pleasurable in itself. The virtuous

Aristotle And The Book Of Nicomanchean Ethics

2543 words - 11 pages Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics In Book I of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that the ultimate human goal or end is happiness. Aristotle then describes steps required for humans to obtain the ultimate happiness. He also states that activity is an important requirement of happiness. A virtuous person takes pleasure in doing virtuous things. He then goes on to say that living a life of virtue is something pleasurable in itself

Book Vii Of The Nichomachean Ethics By Aristotle

3234 words - 13 pages Book VII of the Nichomachean Ethics by Aristotle Introduction In book seven of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle sets out his theory of akrasia, or weakness of will. Aristotle attempts to explain both how such actions are possible (contra Socrates), and how we can dissolve the puzzles (aporiai) generated by our most important (kurios) commonly held beliefs, which arise in response to the actions of the incontinent person. This paper

Examining The Ethics Of Plato And Aristotle

1051 words - 4 pages This essay will be examining the ethics of Plato (428-347 BCE) and Aristotle (384-322 B.C). I will firstly attempt to summarise the five fundamental concepts of Plato and Aristotle before providing my own opinion and view on their ethics. I will concentrate on their theories on the good life as a life of justice, censorship, knowledge and the good life. I will first examine Plato’s ethics. Plato was a philosopher who was both a rationalist