This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Aristotle On Substance, Matter, And Form

1583 words - 6 pages

1. Matter underlies and persists through substantial changes. A substance is generated (destroyed) by having matter take on (lose) form.1. A house is created when bricks, boards, etc., are put together according to a certain plan and arranged in a certain form. It is destroyed when the bricks, boards, etc., lose that form.2. An animal is generated when matter (contributed by the mother) combines with form (contributed by the father).2. This suggests that the primary substances of the Categories, the individual plants and animals, are, when analyzed, actually compounds of form and matter. And in the Metaphysics, Aristotle suggests that a compound cannot be a substance (Z3, 1029a30).3. This may seem a strange move for Aristotle to be making. But the idea may be this: a compound cannot be a basic ontological ingredient. Cf. these compounds:a brown horsea scholarEach of these is a compound of substance + attribute:a brown horse = a horse + brownnessa scholar = a human + educationIn these cases, the compound is a compound of entities that are more basic. ("A scholar is not an ontologically basic item in the world - a scholar is just a human with a liberal education.")4. If then primary substance (in the Metaphysics conception of primary substance) cannot be a form-matter compound, what is primary substance? The possibilities seem to be: matter and form. (Aristotle actually discusses more possibilities - this is a simplification.)5. In Z3, Aristotle considers the claim of matter to be substance, and rejects it. Substance must be separable and a this something (usually translated, perhaps misleadingly, as "an individual").1. Separable: to be separable is to be nonparasitic. Qualities, and other non-substances of the Categories, are not separable. They only exist in substances. Separability, then, amounts to independent existence.2. This something: [there is much dispute over what Aristotle means by this odd locution] "Individual" comes close, except for the suggestion that only a primary substance of the Categories could count as a "this something." Perhaps an individual plant or animal counts as a this something, but perhaps other things do, too. For Aristotle seems to count form as, in some way, a this something (e.g., H1, 1042a28). But, as a rough gloss, individuality seems to be what is at issue.3. Now it may seem puzzling that matter should be thought to fail the "separability/individuality" test. For:1. Separability: It seems that the matter of a compound is capable of existing separately from it. (The wood of which a tree is composed can continue to exist after the tree has ceased to exist.)2. Individuality: We can certainly pick out a definite, particular, batch of matter as a singular object of reference: "the quantity of wood of which this tree is composed at this time."4. But perhaps Aristotle's point is not that matter is neither separable nor individual; all he is committed to saying is that matter fails to be both separable and...

Find Another Essay On Aristotle on Substance, Matter, and Form

Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

1030 words - 4 pages Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will

Aristotle, Rousseau and Descartes on Technology

1646 words - 7 pages While it is relatively easy to confuse the ideas of Aristotle, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and René Descartes, ancient philosophy, eighteenth century politics, and mathematics all appear to be considerably disconnected subjects. Associated with these divisions are three different opinions on a common subject matter: technology. It appears that Rousseau directly opposes technology, Aristotle’s opinion rests in the middle but also shares similarities

Aristotle on Tragedy and Hecuba's Heroism

2311 words - 10 pages Tragic events can happen as a result of accidents, misunderstandings, or specific situations, hence, they relate little to others. However, tragedy is rooted in the order of our universe because it reveals hypothetical situations that can occur at any time or place. This feeling of uncertainty arouses feelings of pity and fear because we can imagine ourselves having to face tragedy. In Aristotle's Poetics, Aristotle defines tragedy as, “a

Aristotle Wins Ethically: A comparison between John Stuart Mill and Aristotle on happiness

1495 words - 6 pages imperfections of his definition in relation to ethics. Next, I plan to identify Aristotle’s core values for happiness. According to Aristotle, happiness comes from virtue, whereas Mill believes happiness comes from pleasure and the absence of pain. Ethics are the moral principles that govern a person’s behavior which are driven by virtues - good traits of character. Thus, Aristotle focuses on three things, which I will outline in order to answer the

Effects of Substance Abuse and Alcohol on Students’ Academic Performance

1408 words - 6 pages For over two decade, substance abusers among adolescents and young people have become a universal epidemic across the globe. According to various case studies, it shows that young people including adolescents turn into drugs as a social pleasure thing and others as an easy fix away from their problems. However, many are the users who do not think about the long term consequences and side effects that the substances put on their lives

Aristotle: A Comprehensive View on Nature and Society

1213 words - 5 pages remaining numerically one.In the Physics, Aristotle addresses that which constitutes Natural Objects as substances. He states that all Natural Substances consist of both form and matter. Matter is that out of which the substance arises and form is that into which the matter develops. In building a table, the wood, nails, etc., are the matter, and the idea of a table, what the end result will be, is the form, according to Aristotle. Matter and form

Substance Abuse and Effects On The Human Brain

2415 words - 10 pages of these drugs include: feelings of euphoria, heightened mental alertness, reduced fatigue, and heightened energy. The substance under review is also the most widely used illicit stimulant, Cocaine. Cocaine Abuse As Aforementioned, coca (precusor to cocaine) has been used for thousands of years by Incas by chewing on the leaves; which later spread around the world in the form of cocaine. In fact, Sigmund Freud used the drug himself; and even


1803 words - 7 pages discuss the similarities and dissimilarities between Plato and Aristotle. Similarities: Aristotle drew a lot of inspiration from Plato’s theory on ideal state and citizenship. Firstly, Both Aristotle and Plato believed in the philosophy of Polis- Self sufficient and independent city states. They believed that the key role of a city state or Polis was to bring out the best in an individual and promote their moral and ethical development. In

Aristotle on the Nature of Happiness and Virtue

1643 words - 7 pages Maybe it’s not clear for many people but, for me it is. Happiness does not depend on what we have; happiness comes from us our soul. Aristotle enshrines happiness as a central purpose of human life and a goal in itself. Virtue, which Aristotle believes that is the balance between two excesses, and definitely achieved by maintaining the mean. Aristotle always asks what the ultimate purpose of human existence is. Everywhere we see

Anti-Matter: An essay on it's research and properties

1239 words - 5 pages -hydrogen and one atom of anti-oxygen would become anti-water. The Article The article chosen reflects on recent advancements in anti-matter research. Scientists in Switzerland have begun experimenting with a LEAR device (low energy anti-proton ring) which would slow the particle velocity by a billionth of its original velocity. This is all done in an effort to slow the velocity to such a speed where it can combine chemically with positrons to form

Comparing Plato and Aristotle on government and the concept of good

1645 words - 7 pages philosophers.Plato's political theory seems bizarre to modern day people because of its radical forms of a ruling class, communal living, abolition of property, and restriction of speech. This is because Plato's theory is derived from his belief that only philosophers can know the good. Frankly, Plato does not care about the average person because he cannot know the good. Conversely, Aristotle is concerned about the well being of all people, and he wants them to be good throughout their lives. His government reflects this as Aristotle seeks to provide laws that are just and in everyone's interest. For Aristotle, it does not matter that people know the good, but that they live good.

Similar Essays

The Relationship Between Form And Substance In Confucian Thought

726 words - 3 pages benevolence and the truth through observing li and ren. Confucius maintained the customary observation, Rites, and provoked them to follow him to create oneself by filling the form with substance. Rites help to realize the difference between form and substance and this creates the way to the benevolence. Let us define what is form and substance in other words it is like a vessel and matter, or body and soul and so on; everything that related to container

Aristotle On Happiness And Virtue Essay

2081 words - 8 pages teacher Plato had done much work on the ethical behavior in this context but Aristotle had a different approach than him. He strongly believed in the link of happiness and virtue (Parry, 2012). Virtue does not arise naturally; it requires continuous action and training. We must keep doing the right thing with the right motivation. We become what we do; we form our moral character through our choices and actions. A virtue is a habit, but it does not

Analysis Of Beautiful Old Age By D.H. Lawrence. This Essay Is On The Subject Matter, Form, Stlye And Theme Of The Poem

1315 words - 5 pages 1.Subject Matter (Content)"Beautiful Old Age" by D.H. Lawrence is a poem that describes old age. The author depicts old age as something that is "lovely", wonderful, calm and undisturbed.We would feel as though we have completed most of our lives. We would have already fulfilled our duties as a man. We would have experienced the ups and downs of life and look forward to more settled days.We would be happy in our old age if we had lived our lives

In What Ways Does Aristotle Exhibit Ambivalence Toward Slavery And Why Does This Matter?

1840 words - 8 pages . As a result, this capability or function becomes more important when regarding the slave’s human form or humanness. For instance, human comprehension (not rationality) gives the ability to follow orders, the hands can operate the loom and the eyes can see as a lookout on a ship. The idea of artificial slaves becomes a justification through his strong focus on function, illustrating why human slaves are necessary. However, he does not mention