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Aristotle's Legacy Essay

1356 words - 5 pages

Extraordinary achievements have been made through ancient civilizations. Philosophers that have changed the way we look at things every day came from the ancient Greek world, especially during the prosperous Golden Age of Athens, Greece. Aristotle, a famous philosopher, taught his philosophy during this period of time in Greece. Using his intellect and astounding ideas, Aristotle created a legacy that influenced people for ages.
To start off, Aristotle was a widely known philosopher in the Ancient Greek world born in Macedonia in the year 384 B.C. Not only did he take part in philosophy, but he also contributed poetics, political science, and biology. All of these subjects were taught at his school, the Peripatetic School of Philosophy at the Lyceum which became “one of the greatest centers for advanced study in the ancient world” (Sacks OL). An excellent example of his students would be Alexandros III of Macedonia widely known as Alexander the Great, who grew to conquer an amazingly vast empire. Aristotle himself was taught by Plato, another great philosopher and remained loyal to him after death, which he succeeded in doing while excelling in his own philosophy.
Considering Aristotle was born in Macedonia, the only way he could be tutored by Plato was to move to Athens which was where Plato’s Academy was located. He made this move when he was 22 years old, and he stayed there until he was 42 years old. In this time Plato fully taught Aristotle his philosophy, all of which Aristotle agreed with. The lessons Plato taught were normally fixed around an “ideal world of eternal forms” (Sacks OL) which he believed held the answers to true reality rather than the visible world everybody sees.
Within the years 348 B.C. and 347 B.C. Plato died. The death of Plato was a penalty for his committing of a crime and knowing that this was to come, Aristotle went to Assos in Mysia (in Asia Minor). Here he met a group of Platonists where he continued to learn about Plato’s philosophy. After staying in Assos for three years, he moved to the island of Lesbos in Mytilene until 344 B.C. It was in this same year that the Macedonian King Philip asked Aristotle to tutor his 13-year-old son Alexandros III later to be known as Alexander the Great. From the lessons he taught Alexander, he found he had some disagreements with Plato which he used to make up his own philosophy.
Disagreements Aristotle had with Plato included his, previously mentioned, “ideal world of eternal beings”. Back when Plato was still alive and teaching Aristotle, this foreign utopia seemed reasonable, but over the years Aristotle began to think that true reality lay in the real, tangible world, not in a world that nobody can see. This concept began the philosophy of Aristotelianism.
To teach his new philosophy, Aristotle established a teaching facility. He moved back to Athens, Greece to find a location for his school. It was finally...

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