Aristotle's Characteristics In The Crucible Essay

2576 words - 10 pages

The thesis in this research paper will be applying Aristotle's points and ideas on characters on a tragedy play, and explaining what should be avoided according to Aristotle. The tragedy play that is going to be the focus of this research is The Crucible by Arthur Miller, which is in some way considered to be a modern tragedy while Aristotle's ideas are put in the age of classics, through applying this I am going to prove if this tragic play has all the elements of a good tragic character, but because this play is full of many minor characters , my focus is going to be on some of the important characters .A tragedy is said to be "a representation of serious people"(Aristotle 94) .It shows the act of serious people that do not use any kind of comedy in their presentation, they would probably show a lot of arguments and discussion that are very essential to their lives, what ever happens between the characters is considered to be highly important to the plot of the play, as it is going to affect the plot as a whole, that is the reason why any utterance said by the characters if very important.In Aristotle's elements of good tragedy, he mentions the word magnitude, which is very much related to the plot and characters of the play, but here our emphasis is only going to be on the characters. Magnitude is the change from good to bad or vice versa from bad to good, in other words, a character in a tragedy must show the change from having a good fortune to loosing it, and that is called the reversal of fortune. In order for the play to be a tragedy, some thing serious must happen to the characters or just the main character that must suffer from the consequences of the reversal of fortune.The change of fortune the audience will have this feeling of pity, fear and other emotions that resulted from it, which then makes it a good tragedy as it will make the audience more aware and attached to the events in the play, and will also feel the true emotion that the character wanted them to feel in order to understand the play as it is intended.Inorder for people to understand the characters of the play, the writer/poet should avoid certain aspects of characters like for example " a decent man should not undergo a change from a good fortune to misfortune" (Aristotle 100), this will make the audience a little confused, as it is always the hero or the protagonist of a tragedy at first starts with having to suffer a misfortune but through out the play his situation will eventually changes in to a having a good fortune. By not applying this technique, there will be a misunderstanding and confusion among the audience, because decent people are punished which is not acceptable, it does arouse people's feeling and emotions, they just keep wondering about the reason for this unpredictable change of fortune.Furthermore, "wicked men should not pass from misfortune to having good fortune" (Aristotle 100), and that is because poetic justice will not be preserved, as in...

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