This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Aristotle Versus Kant On Ethics As The Science For The Achieve To Happiness

1569 words - 7 pages

Aristotle dictates that ethical theory is a science. It is different from other systematic approaches, in that it is not an exact science. Next, this paper will outline some of the philosopher's method in characterizing a "good," especially the most important "good" happiness and the difficulties that arise in evaluating it. This is a passageway into finding happiness, and according to Aristotle-virtue in a good is of fundamental importance to this path. We must conclude our discussion of Aristotelian morals with his thoughts on the organic being and its properties: rationality and irrationality, and their interaction with an idea of a "Golden Mean."All forms of science desire a purpose. ...view middle of the document...

In sum, this attitude has a property: the final "good" has to be self-sufficient.Everyone can find a "good." All will agree on some "good" relative to them, yet to find this it in and of itself (as the last end is what Aristotle conveys as happiness). To further explain this doctrine we need to focus on the determination of finding "goods" that have happiness as their characteristics, otherwise this aphorism is of little use. So the question arises: how can the final good, such as happiness to be achieved? To answer this in a manner of subsequent logic-by Aristotelian means we now turn to the properties of virtue.First, we must define virtue. It has plenty of definitions, from celestial hierarchy, to valor. However, for our purposes we narrowly define it as a form of moral excellence. Moreover, in Ethics, happiness cannot be attained without virtuous means. Therefore, virtue is the perfect segue way into the foundation of Aristotle's moral theory.Adding to this base, he states that in the trajectory to happiness, virtue or moral excellence is based on the irrational and rational properties of a human being. Perception and nutrition is what the philosopher ascribes to humans sharing with animals and plants- respectively. This is what he calls the irrational property. Thus, what makes us unique from the previous two elements is rationality (soul). This is a unique human quality.He sees the organic human as having a biological component (the body), and rational one the sole; and the two are interdependent. Furthermore, according to the philosopher "good" is the product of rationality together with virtue, and in order for one to achieve happiness depends on virtue.To understand the interplay of virtue and rationality more clearly, according to his doctrine, to achieve happiness we must turn to the "golden mean." To illustrate this, let us look at the character of courage. The mean is the middle ground in regards to courage. To be too bold, is a vice (rashness); to be too deficient is also a vice (cowardice). To assume that the mean should lie exactly between the two is a misunderstanding of this point. Yet, it is the sole, or rationality that makes the mean relative and it dictates the position between the two. So it is this interplay between logos (the rational principle) and virtue that dictate the proper action and hopefully leads to the "good." This is the idea behind the "golden mean." Furthermore Aristotle's model discards negative actions such as theft and adultery, for it would be illogical to assume that there is an excess and deficiency with regard to such events. Thus, this "golden mean" can only apply to characteristics like courage, and not negative actions.A human being with practical wisdom uses rationality in action such that his or her moral abilities are balanced along a range of excess or defect. So, in our attempt to reach happiness, virtuous action can only be obtained with. One who is guided by this is able to asses when...

Find Another Essay On Aristotle Versus Kant On Ethics As The Science For The Achieve To Happiness

How to Achieve Happiness Essay

1634 words - 7 pages is also defined as a person that is in a good state of living. Having been sought out for as long as people were on the Earth, happiness has only been considered a mental aspect for a few hundred years. Many psychologists now focus their main studies solely on happiness and how to achieve it. Happiness is said to be achievable by everybody, but only one-third of all Americans have achieved “happiness” as deemed by psychologists researching a

"Aristotle on Business Ethics" is a short essay on the ideas of Aristotle and how they may apply to the business ethics which we hold today

1023 words - 4 pages business ethics because it is simply one's interaction with money-making. It is not unusual for such business-involved individuals to admit that the decisions made by he or she are based on benefits, especially profit. For the great philosopher, Aristotle, benefits in business do not equate to happiness.The ideal life is one which is full of happiness. People today are living under the false impression that happiness may be achieved through wealth

Aristotle on happiness

1155 words - 5 pages happiness is self-sufficient and makes our life complete. He explains that wealth, pleasure, or honor can be temporary and can change. For example, the rich can loose his money; the famous can loose his fame (NE 1100a). A person can be the richest man on earth, but if the person is not healthy and not able to engage in life activities, there cannot be happiness (NE 1095a20). Aristotle looks at happiness as a kind of activity (NE 1098a). He

Happiness for Aristotle

696 words - 3 pages in humans' life people are happy, but it is not clear whether happiness can be defined like that or not. For the happiness, the phrase 'the quality of a whole life' is the most suitable definition since the complete life and the complete virtue are necessary to be considered as a happy. I think, when we laugh at something we believe we are happy but we cannot say like this until the end the life.

Aristotle on Happiness and Virtue

2081 words - 8 pages that person’s own perspective. Aristotle claimed that the maximum good which a person have desire to achieve is basically an end-point itself , a person’s action or struggles is for achieving that ‘end-point’, it may be regarded as a point of maximum satisfaction. Aristotle critically concluded that the happiness of a person satisfies these conditions completely, and hence the highest attainable good is regarded as happiness. Plato was

The Human Function as It Pertains to Happiness

1332 words - 6 pages The Human Function as it Pertains to Happiness Humans have a function, according to Aristotle, and so it would follow that fulfilling that function makes us happy. Before we can establish that fulfilment of purpose results in happiness, we must first establish what the human function actually is, and also what constitutes good and happiness for humans. Aristotle’s arguments for happiness and human purpose help to provide answers to these

Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics

950 words - 4 pages act as to why I disagree with them. Lastly I will conclude much of my and as well as Aristotle’s views on ethics and why I so strongly agree with this route of ethics for humans. Ultimate Happiness Aristotle states in his book of ethics, the human function is the life activity of the soul that has reason. He explains this further by stating that some sort of activity of the past of the soul that has reason is according to

Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics

2543 words - 11 pages making in life. To achieve this topic, I have sectioned my paper into three main sections, in which I have subsections supporting. In the first section, I will provide much information about Aristotle and his beliefs in virtue and obtaining happiness. Using information from his book of ethics I will provide examples and quote on quote statements to support his views. In the second section, I will provide my agreements as to why I relate and very

Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics

1506 words - 6 pages Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics In Book I of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that the ultimate human goal or end is happiness. Aristotle describes the steps required for humans to obtain happiness. Aristotle states that activity is an important requirement of happiness. He states that a happy person cannot be inactive. He then goes on to say that living a life of virtue is something pleasurable in itself. The virtuous

Examining the Ethics of Plato and Aristotle

1051 words - 4 pages course of action is right or wrong independent of anyone’s opinion. This was how Plato perceived absolutism. Aristotle’s overlook on what is the ‘good life’ as he used an empirical approach to ethics. The ‘good life’ as Aristotle defines it as one which has happiness as a characteristic or ‘a life of happiness’. ‘Happiness is an activity of the soul in accord with perfect virtue’. ‘People ought to behave so as to achieve happiness’. I believe

"Ethics Affect Actions".Examines the views of two philosophers (Kant and Mill) on how ethics affect appropriate action. Great for a philosophy class and you can add your own views and opinions

1075 words - 4 pages enough by itself and everything else is desirable in relation to its production of happiness. Mill defines happiness as the production of happiness and the absence of pain. Unlike Kant's focus on the individual, Mill believed in considering the happiness of everyone that might be affected by the action. People should seek the greatest amount of happiness possible for all involved.Now that both ethical theories are better understood, what should the

Similar Essays

Comparative Essay Describing The Ethics Of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, And Emmanuel Levinas

893 words - 4 pages might not like it-- one should act ethically out of the goodness in one's heart. On the other hand, Aristotle believed one should act ethically as part of a community-- based on politics. He also expected a benefit in return, contrary to Kant. Aristotle said that it is ideal to achieve a reasonable means in ethics, and he expected to gain something-- like happiness for instance-- in return. Also, contrary to Aristotle's theory, Kant's theory

Perspective On Different Ways To Achieve Happiness

1796 words - 7 pages collecting. The impossible idealist which serves as any person who lives to see the world achieve perfect morals such as universal peace, perfect justice, and happiness for all. This is obviously impossible but if she is content with her life is she really happy? McFall’s theory does not line up with either Schoch’s view by studying and researching humans using scientists or Critchley’s view instead studying Rosseau’s views on life and basing his

Aristotle: The Pursuit Of Happiness Essay

1588 words - 6 pages Aristotle and Plato both are both well known for their focus on defining the purpose of being human. To them, humans have a particular characteristic that no other living thing possesses. That characteristic is that humans strive to achieve a level of goodness. Although they agree with each other that there is a highest good one must achieve in order to live a fulfilling life, they have different ideas on what that good is. On Aristotle’s

Aristotle On The Nature Of Happiness And Virtue

1643 words - 7 pages of view as Aristotle made very clear, we all think different and want different things in life. Who can explain one person wants to be a doctor and the other wants to play professional golf, but at the end we all need to make whatever it makes us happy and if you are for example on a job were you are not happy you can’t stay there, what are you waiting to go out there and chase your dreams since you are a little kid. Happiness, Aristotle