Arizona Border Patrol
The Border Patrol is a strategic group of specially trained people who prevent terrorists and terrorist’s weapons, including weapons of mass destruction, from entering the United States. The Border Patrol is specifically responsible for patrolling nearly 6,000 miles of Mexican and Canadian international land borders and over 2,000 miles of coastal waters surrounding the Florida Peninsula and the island of Puerto Rico. Agents work around the clock on assignments, in all types of terrain and weather conditions. Agents also work in many isolated communities throughout the United States.
Their three main core values are vigilance, service to the ...view middle of the document...
In July 1, 1924 Walter F. Miller, the first Chief Patrol Inspector of the sector, organized the Nogales Sector which was made up of 9 former mounted guards and 26 officers who were selected from a Civil Service Register. Equipment consisted of three government owned vehicles, several rental vehicles, and horses. The officers were distributed among 11 stations. Then on July 1, 1926, the sector headquarters was moved to Tucson, Arizona and the name was untimely changed to the Tucson Sector. The manpower at Tucson station increased from 2 patrol inspectors to 4 and another branch opened with 2 patrol inspectors in Casa Grande, Arizona. Today the Tucson Sector is the busiest sector on the Southwest Border covering 262 miles of the linear border from the Yuma county line to the Arizona/New Mexico state line.
Types of Patrol
The main type of patrol that is used is mainly agents walking on foot, which is most commonly used in the brush or field work. Then they will use a car for trails or patrolling the border/surrounding cities. Some specially trained agents will ride on horseback in the brush and on trails. Another new alternative than riding horseback is using an ATV to go into more harsh terrain. Bicycle and motorcycle patrol is usually used for deterrence and to make their presence known in cities and surrounding areas of the border. Boat or Watercraft is used a lot for main traffic waterways and rivers that serve as the border fence. Helicopters can be a huge help for on foot agents who are trying to capture illegal immigrants and also for transportation to a select site quickly.
Technology Used in the Border Patrol
One of the main pieces of technology that is implemented on the border is called the Metal Pavilion, which is a huge metal casing that straddles the eastbound side of the highway and is flanked by a single-story building where cameras scan approaching cars. Another type...