Arjuna And Krsna's Relationship In The First Chapter Of The Epic Poem 'bhagavad Gita'. How Doe Krsna Moraly Justify Arjuna's Decision To Fight.

2069 words - 8 pages

In the first chapter of the Bhagavad-Gita the character Arjuna faces a moral dilemma of Duty. The Character Krsna attempts to help Arjuna solve this moral dilemma. Krsna convinces Arjuna to fight in a bloody civil war by using the concepts of Samkhya Wisdom, Karma Yoga and bhakti yoga. In this essay an attempt will be made to prove that Krsna fails to morally justify the war in which he and Arjuna are about to fight. I will examine each concept and show how Krsna's use of these concepts fails to create a moral justification for the battleArjuna is a mighty archer riding in a chariot piloted by Krsna. A battle is about to take place which will determine the fate of a nation. Three successive generations of the ruling family have been passed over for the crown for various reasons to a family of close relations. Arjuna's brother is the leader of the army trying to overthrow the current patriarch. Arjuna's cousin, the reining king, is fighting to hold onto the thrown which was passed down to him through both his father and grand father. Now the two sides of the same family are fighting to see who will rule the nation.Arjuna questions the morality of a civil war in which he will have to kill friends and family. "Those for whose sake we desire kingdom, enjoyment and pleasures - they stand here in battle, renouncing their lives and riches:" (BG 1:33) "Teachers, fathers, sons, and also grandfathers; uncles and fathers-in-law, grandsons and brothers-in-law, and other kinsmen." (BG 1:34)The archer then goes on to argue that the spoils to be won from such a battle are not worth the destruction which will need to take place for his army to emerge victorious. Arjuna argues that all the riches contained in three worlds would not be enough to justify killing all of the friends and relatives assembled on the battle field. Therefore he cannot be satisfied with only a part of the riches contained in this world as a reward for killing his extended family. Crying to his friend Arjuna lements that, "These I would not consent to kill, though I killed myself, O Madhusudana (Krsna), even for the kingdom of three worlds; how much less for the sake of ours." (BG 1:35)Arjuna can also foresee bad consequences for such a fight. If all the warriors in the country are killed, it will bring ruin to their families. If the families are destroyed then consequence will be that all the laws of that family will also be destroyed, which will dissolve the family into lawlessness. "In the ruin of a family, its ancient laws are destroyed: and when the laws perish, the whole family yields to lawlessness."(BG 1:40) "And when lawlessness prevails, O Varsneya (Krsna), the women of the family become corrupted, and when women are corrupted, confusion of the casts arises." (BG 1:41)At this point the archer seems to be proposing that the loss of a husband will not only cause the loss of all the laws of his family but require the widow of that warrior to seek support, whether financial or...

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