Armenian Genocide Essay

1255 words - 5 pages

May 2009The 20th Century was a time of change in human endeavors- including war. The War to End All Wars, World War I, occurred early in this time period. WWI brought weapons and tools that people in Europe had never seen. Under the shadow of this war an atrocity occurred, the first genocide of the 20th Century (“Armenian Genocide” United…Rights). The Armenian Genocide began when the government planned to relocate citizens for their own good but systematically killed them or had them deported (“Armenians…World War I” 2).The Armenian people who had been converted to Christianity in the 4th Century enjoyed political independence (“The … Massacre” 2). The Treaty of San Stefano brought an end to the Russian and Turkish War. This treaty insisted on better treatment of the Armenians in exchange for the Russian withdrawal. Unfortunately another treaty was signed. The Treaty of Berlin signed in 1879, changed the prior agreement which allowed the Ottoman government to fairly treat the Armenians. This meant the Russians couldn’t attack when the Ottoman government began the genocide (“Armenians…World War I” 2).At the dawn of the 20th Century the Armenian land was divided amongst three states: Persia, the Ottoman Empire, and the Empire of the Russian Tsars. Within each state, however, the Armenian population was a minority. The conflict in the Ottoman Empire soon became the most prominent (“The … Massacre” 2-3). The Armenians were Christian and the Turkish MuslimThe Armenian Genocide consisted of approximately 1.5-2 million deaths of Armenians living in Turkey. Yet in physical appearance the two populations were identical to each other. The Armenians had a wealthy middle class and the Turkish were the uneducated, which caused the Turkish people to become envious (“Armenian Genocide” United … Rights). This caused a social and cultural void between the Armenians and the Turkish population. Soon the growth of nationalism prompted the Armenians to believe that they deserved to have their own state (”The Armenian Genocide” Gendercide). The main reason for the growth of nationalism was the Treaty of Berlin, which caused the Armenians to become more open about their demands for rights.Sultan Habdul - Hamid II was concerned with the possible uprising of the Armenian people prompting him to begin killing them which also included liberal Muslim Turks. He carried out large massacres between 1894 and 1896; he justified this by charging them with rebellion (“Armenian Genocide” United … Rights). Due to Russian threats and international protests, a greater loss of lives was diverted. By 1896 Sultan Habdul was seen as the sick man of Europe (“Armenians…World War I” 2).By July 1908, the Sultan’s regime came to an end; a group of modern-minded officers known as the Young Turks hoped to stop their country’s decline (“Armenian...

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