Armenian Genocide Essay

1769 words - 8 pages

In 2007 the journaling world was shaken up when a Turkish- Armenian journalist was shot in front of his office. This man was Hrant Dink; he often spoke out against the government claiming that the Armenian genocide indeed happened. In one of his reports he claimed that the Turkish national anthem had lines in it that were discriminatory towards the Armenian population. He was given a six-month prison sentence that was later upheld by the court. Turkey is considered the eighth deadliest country for journalists, because if they speak out against something and the Turkish government gets offended those journalists can be harassed, threatened, and in Hrant’s case killed (Hrant Dink 1). ...view middle of the document...

The conflict did not just magically begin in 1914; it started way back in 1894. The Armenians were already being heavily taxed and had many restrictions; a group of Armenians though were not responsive to the taxes and did not approve of them. They decided to refuse the taxes, as a result of their refusal to pay their taxes they were massacred by the Turkish army. The government tried to make sense of the slaughtering by saying that they were “keeping peace” and the rebelling Armenians were a “threat” to their government. The real reason of the killings was because of the war the Americans and the allies were near the Turks. The Turkish government didn’t want the Armenians to believe that they could have rights and they feared that the Americans would try to teach them that, so the government kept them away as best as they could. The government obviously believed that the best way to keep the Armenians away from the Americans was killing them. In 1906, before World War I, the Turkish government was overthrown by a group called the Young Turks. They were a group of young Turkish bourgeoisies that over threw the government to create a parliamentary government of the minority, including the Armenians, Jewish and non-Muslims, later they became obsessed with ruling the country and having it be a mainly Muslim country so they over threw the non-Muslims and moved Muslims into office (Freedman 13). In the early 1900’s the Ottoman Empire/Turkey was becoming smaller and smaller because more and more countries were separating from it, because the government felt as if they were losing control they needed someone to blame so they blamed the Christians, the Armenians were Christian which also made them the enemy (Freedman 14). It is unknown how the Armenians were massacred; many believe that it was with guns and swords; it is probably best though if it remains unknown. In one account of a massacre of the Armenians, they claim that the Armenians were beaten in the middle of streets with clubs until they died. The Armenians were forced to live in tent camps, many in the camps died of starvation, because of the war food was an issue for the whole country, so they would only give food to those they deemed worthy, and the Armenians were not that group (Freedman 12). The genocide ended in 1922 when the Ottoman Empire/Turkey surrendered in World War I and the Young Turks fled to Germany. The Armenians who were about the only group aware of the crimes that had been committed were devising a plan to catch the Young Turks; they called their plan Operation Nemesis, of course though their plan was unsuccessful. When all is said and done there were only three hundred and eighty eight thousand Armenians left in Turkey and estimated one and a half million were killed. Another one million were deported and a lucky ten thousand were able to flee to Russia (Rouben 1).
The conflict in Turkey against the Armenians was genocide. It should be considered genocide, because...

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