Arnold Friend Essay

932 words - 4 pages

Arnold Friend

Arnold Friend is a seductive man, or should I say ArN OLD FrIEND with a dark appearance hiding something deeper, something evil? Arnold, posing as a teen-age boy, is none other than the devil himself, which shows in his words and actions, and in his physical traits. From the very beginning of, Joyce Carol Oates', "Where are you going, Where Have you been?" a certain number of religious references are interspersed throughout. These references help to maintain a biblical feeling, as well as to set a path for Friend's entry into the story. They also foreshadow that; powers beyond a human level will be presented. Friend looks like one person in the beginning, but as the story unfolds, he is shown as someone else or something else. In addition, numerous statements in the story prove the fact that Friend is an evil man.
In order to set the mood for Friends evil and devilish personality several religious references are used. The place where Friend appears first, is a typical teenage hangout that the frequents deem as sacred or even as a safe refuge. The music in the background is playing softly like music that one hears at a church. The second place we see Friend is at a young girl's house. The young girl whom Friend appears to be seducing does not attend church, therefore making her much more vulnerable to his evil. During his conversations with this girl, Friend uses the lord's name in vein. He says "goddam" at one point, and "Christ!" at another. (Oates 478). This last curse sounds as though it is forced, whereas the other seems to be more natural for him to say.
Friend may not look very evil in his physical appearance, but his actions bring out this evil in him. Arnold Friend appears to be a typical teen-ager in the beginning of this story but after a brief lapse in time, his true appearance comes to life. He states that he is only eighteen years old but he looks to be at least thirty, possibly even older. "…Friend's much older self begins to emerge through his painted lashes, black wig, reflecting sunglasses, and cosmetically tanned face…" (Creighton 118). He is a short man who in order to stand erect; he must push his shoulders back. At one point, Friend removes his glasses, and reveals his eyes which "…were chips of broken glass that catch the light…" (Oates 474). Friend has a mask-like face that stops when it reaches his neck, almost as if it is painted on to his head. Whenever Friend speaks, his words seem to come out in a singsong style sounding as if he were repeating the lyrics of a...

Find Another Essay On Arnold Friend

Joyce Carol Oates's "Where are you going, where have you been?

1165 words - 5 pages In Joyce Carol Oates' "Where Are you Going, Where Have You Been", there is a clear interpretation of evil in Arnold Friend and how he as a demon tries to pull Connie into the dark world of sex and emotion. Oates seems to extract scenarios of real life and add them into her story. The character of Arnold Friend is more or less what really is out there. The harsh reality that Oates includes in her story is that there are demons like Arnold. Many

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been by Joyce Carol Oates

1329 words - 5 pages like an adult by changing her clothes and the way she talks. She has an older sister who shadows her with her smarts, but Connie believes that she is more beautiful and worthy than June. June is twenty-two years old, very well behaved and is actually close with their mother. Connie not only struggles with her family, but also gets herself into a bind with a much older man named Arnold Friend. This story shows that there can be darkness even in the

diary

782 words - 4 pages very also skinny so he looks disproportional. The book begins with Arnold talking about his dog who his family cannot provide veterinary care for so his father has to shoot his poor dog. After this Arnold let’s everyone know poverty sucks. A few pages later we meet Arnold’s best friend Rowdy. Once Rowdy is introduced you find out he spends a lot of his time with Arnold’s family because his own is abusive. One night Arnold and Rowdy go to the

“Where are You Going, Where have You Been?”

843 words - 4 pages Satan seems to come in many form’s throughout the history of mankind; though, In Joyce Carol Oates short story “Where are you going, Where have you been?” Arnold Friend looks to be another transient version of Hells keeper. This story was written in 1966 with a horrifying take on a young girl named Connie who was lead out of her home by a monster who ends up kidnapping her while her family was at a barbeque. This Monster in the story is known as

Benedict Arnold

2221 words - 9 pages Andre, an old friend of Peggy Shippin’s who was the current personal aide to General Clinton. Arnold later contacted Andre to offer his services for a price. Andre told Arnold that Clinton wanted an accurate description of West Point, a major American military fortress on the Hudson River in New York. The British agreed to pay 20,000 pounds (about $5 million today) for Arnold’s services. Arnold asked Washington for command over West Point and on

Killer Temptation

867 words - 4 pages Temptation is everywhere. Temptation is there when you eat, sleep, talk to your friends, and most prevalent when meeting new people you are attracted to. Temptation is a focal point in Joyce Carol Oates story, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” The main character is Connie, a young rather good looking girl. She meets a man by the name Arnold Friend. Little did she know how temptation would be the end of her. Connie is faced with a

The Devil in Joyce Carol Oates' Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

1612 words - 6 pages one for anywhere that was not home' (431). Everything about her?her walk, her smile, and her laugh?metamorphoses as soon as she steps out the front door. The child is hidden, the seductive young woman emerges, and the world of the ?big kids? is more than willing to take her in. This world is what she thinks she wants, until the day a shiny golden convertible pulls into her driveway and the the mysterious Arnold Friend emerges

"Where Are You Going, Where have You Been" -analysis of Connie

2352 words - 9 pages - PAGE 1 - Park PAGE 1 "Where Are You Going, Where have You Been"Vanity can be exposed as one's greatest weakness. "Where Are You Going, Where have You Been", a short story written by Joyce Carol Oates, describes Connie's misconception of beauty as her only value, and also the ways in which Arnold Friend, a potential rapist and murderer, manipulates and takes advantage of Connie's vanity. Connie is a fifteen year old girl who knows the extent

Lost in a Fantasy World

1018 words - 5 pages Actions define people. Desperate teenagers tend to make unreasonable decisions trying to fit into society. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” by Joyce Carol Oates relates the story of a girl who flaunts her beauty which eventually leads to her abduction. Lost in a fantasy world, Connie, a self-absorbed 15-year-old girl, spends much of her time going out with her friends and meeting older boys. On a Sunday afternoon, Arnold Friend, a

"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" By-Joyce Carol Oates

623 words - 3 pages The Devil And ConnieIn Joyce Carol Oates's, "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?", the problem of evil encapsulates the theme of the story. Oates uses an allegorical figure of evil to illustrate this theme. She also alludes to hell through the character Arnold Friend, as the devil. His victim is Connie, an average teenage girl, just realizing her beauty. Arnold Friend comes to personify the devil who Connie unintentionally invites in by

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? by Joyce Carol Oates

1311 words - 5 pages of Adam and Eve before their temptation by the serpent. Connie’s encounter with Arnold Friend is the representation of innocence being tempted by evil and sin. Arnold Friend first attempts to coax Connie out of her house for a joyride by trying to charm her, much like the serpent appeals to Eve. Arnold Friend’s presentation of himself is layered with falsities, and Connie is initially blinded by his deceptiveness. He wears metallic

Similar Essays

Arnold Friend: The Devil Essay

679 words - 3 pages In the story “Where are you Going, Where Have you been?” Joyce Carol Oates tells us about a fifteen year old girl named Connie. Connie is confronted by a young man who is trying to persuade her to take a ride with him. He introduces himself as Arnold Friend and kindly asks her to come with him but she refused. He then threatens Connie and her family. She is then forced outside and leaves with Arnold Friend. Arnold Friend clearly symbolizes the

Who Is Arnold Friend? Essay

862 words - 4 pages Most of us have heard of the famous story by Oates called ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You been’, featuring the infamous Arnold Friend and plenty of adult themes. So many possible theories stem from just one character from a short story whether he could perhaps be death, or the devil in disguise coming to take Connie away; or perhaps just a mental creepy man coming to kidnap and rape Connie. So many things that Arnold Friend tells little

Arnold Friend As The Devil Archetype

1336 words - 5 pages supporting a theme by giving us background and references for aspects throughout the story. Carol Joyce Oates uses a couple vital archetypes in her short story, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been,” a tale about Connie, a teenage girl, who goes through an innocence to experience situation, signifying a transition from childhood to adulthood. Arnold Friend is an important character in Connie’s story because he is one of the main reasons she

Where Are You Going Where Have You Been In Depth Look At Connie And Why She Was Swayed By Arnold Friend

578 words - 2 pages " girls. "She always drew thick clear lines between herself and such girls...."The emotions that Connie experienced before the encounter with Arnold Friend were very different from when he was with her. The emotions before the encounter were usually child-like and immature. As far as her father was concerned, Connie practically had no male role model because he was always at work. When Connie had time to relax, "...her mind was filled with trashy