Arnold Friend As The Devil Archetype

1336 words - 5 pages

In literature, Archetypal Criticism is a critical approach where the reader interprets the meaning of a story by looking at the archetypal characters, events, and symbols that it contains. In general, an archetype is a universal, primordial representation of an event or character that is seen as a general blueprint for stories and myths, such as the Hero or Death and Rebirth (Meyer 1587). Archetypes can be very important in identifying and supporting a theme by giving us background and references for aspects throughout the story. Carol Joyce Oates uses a couple vital archetypes in her short story, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been,” a tale about Connie, a teenage girl, who goes through an innocence to experience situation, signifying a transition from childhood to adulthood.
Arnold Friend is an important character in Connie’s story because he is one of the main reasons she goes undergoes a change. In short, while Connie is going through a teenage phase of exploring sexuality, he comes to Connie’s house to take her with the intention of raping her. More importantly he is portrayed with some of devilish appearances and behavior, to stress the idea of the situation Connie has gotten into and the meaning of her transition. The devil archetype is seen as an evil character that embodies devil characteristics as well as tempting the protagonist with things that will ruin their soul. Thesis Statement!!!! Some evidence that Arnold Friend is the devil incarnate are the facts that he does not cross threshold, he seems to be all-knowing and he has to tempt and persuade Connie to leave with him.
First of all, throughout the story, Arnold never crosses the threshold of the house but rather stays around the porch while talking to Connie. This makes the reader wonder if he cannot cross the home’s threshold at all. Some people believe that the devil cannot pass the threshold of your home without an invitation, so it stands by reason here that since Connie did not invite him in he will not be able to do so. Arnold tells Connie that he will not come in after her but will rather wait for her to come out to him (7). He threatens her repeatedly saying, “’soon as you touch that phone I don’t need to keep my promise and can come inside (7).’” Although later she does pick up the phone, Arnold does not come inside but gets her to put it down by persuading her to do so (8). This makes it seem that he was just trying to instill fear in her so that he would not have to deal with her calling the police, if he was not really able to pass the threshold. Due to this barrier Arnold has to use other demonic tricks and deceptions to coax Connie out of the house.
In addition, Arnold Friend seems to be all-knowing when it comes to aspects of Connie’s life. Greg Laurie describes the devil as a sly, smart person, in his article “The Truth About the Devil,” and says that even though Satan does not know everything, he knows how to use what he has to lure you to him. Right...

Find Another Essay On Arnold Friend as the Devil Archetype

The Devil in the Shape of a woman. Speaks of examples of women in America being executed as witches

1833 words - 7 pages American history has few subjects as interesting as witchcraft, because it confronts us with many Ideas about women. It confronts us with fears about women, the place of women in society, and with women themselves. Also, it confronts us with violence against women and how the problems of society were often blamed on women. Even though some men were executed as during periods of witch hunting, witches were generally thought of as women and most

How far do you agree with the statement that Amir only saw Hassan as a servant not a friend

939 words - 4 pages make up for a harmless prank, never mind regretting the prank countless years after it happened. Even though Amir feels bad for laughing at Hassan he constantly does it especially who it come to intelligence. Amir's regrets could also be down to the fact that he found out that Hassan was his half brother. This would mean that Hassan was only started to be seen as a friend after Amir knew that he was bonded by blood to him.However Amir never stood

Duddy's strengths and weaknesses: as a businessman, relative and friend ("The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz" by Mordecai Richler)

925 words - 4 pages "A man without land is nobody", and with these words, Duddy Kravitz embarked on a pursuit for his own piece of land. Born in the ghetto with a rusty spoon in his mouth and the spark of rebellion about him, Duddy pits himself against the arid and vile environment and rebels against all forms of silver-spooned authority. In his unrelenting quest towards entrepreneurial triumph, his conflicting roles as a businessman, relative and friend constantly

Analysis of John Gardner's Grendel as being an illustration of the shattered innocent/fallen from grace archetype, as well an accurate depiction of human nature

810 words - 3 pages thought processes. The Shaper, as well as many of the "human" characters represent the belief in God, and the dragon represents the idea of atheism. In the beginning, Grendel believes in the power of the Shaper. He is moved by the Shaper's words and lyrics and begins to believe in the Shaper's visions of God, and history and glory. "The man had changed the world, had torn up the past by its thick, gnarled roots and had transmuted it, and they

The Fine Line Between Good and Evil in Where Are You Going? Where Have You Been? and A Good Man is Hard to Find”

1138 words - 5 pages hinting towards the devil. But if you start reading deeper you can see that’s not all they are portrayed, as seen in the short story, “A Good Man is Hard to Find”, the Misfit could also be portrayed as an archetype as a savior or a seer that has lost his way, although in “Where Are You Going? Where Have You Been? “, Arnold Friend could be portrayed as a satyr, a mischievous demi god. While it can be argued that both characters are completely evil

The Devil in Joyce Carol Oates' Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

1612 words - 6 pages apparent glamor brings about Connie?s change. Though he takes the outer appearance of a normal boy, everything about his behavior suggests that he is the Devil himself in disguise. The most obvious aspects of Arnold Friend that suggest that he is the Devil in disguise are his physical features. For example, several references are made to the abnormality of his feet. As he walks about, he stumbles awkwardly as his feet buckle beneath

"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" By-Joyce Carol Oates

623 words - 3 pages The Devil And ConnieIn Joyce Carol Oates's, "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?", the problem of evil encapsulates the theme of the story. Oates uses an allegorical figure of evil to illustrate this theme. She also alludes to hell through the character Arnold Friend, as the devil. His victim is Connie, an average teenage girl, just realizing her beauty. Arnold Friend comes to personify the devil who Connie unintentionally invites in by

Who is Arnold Friend?

862 words - 4 pages eventually ends going with Arnold and Ellie never to be heard from again. Though Arnold does have compelling evidence to possible be the devil, there is also another possibility. The Pied Piper of Tuscan is a famous serial killer from back in the late sixties and seventies. He was known for dressing up as younger man even going as far as to stuff his boots to seem taller just like Arnold Friend does. Formally known as Charles Schmid, he is very

“Where are You Going, Where have You Been?”

843 words - 4 pages , “Arnold Friend”. He appears at Connie’s home while the family was gone with an accomplice named Ellie Oscar. Mr. Friend is a mysterious; but, creepy figure with intent of pure evil. The devil tends to prey on an individual’s weakness. Arnold Friend does this with strong emphasis. Connie, not having a strong male figure in her life with her father being described as, “just coming home and not doing anything” looks to play up to Arnold Friend

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been by Joyce Carol Oates

1329 words - 5 pages absent throughout the entire story. I see his character as symbolism for Christ or some kind of belief for Connie. The absence of Connie's faith is not the only dark element in this story, but Arnold Friend himself or itself is also a dark element. Arnold Friend was described as a boy one second and then a man with shaggy hair and glass eyes the next. Arnold shows up at Connie's house when her family went to barbecue on a hot Sunday. This was

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been

1296 words - 5 pages the arch-deceiver,and horror of the devil. And like Satan usually is,Arnold Friend is in disguise.(Dessommes 437) Perhaps the misrepresentation of his appearance and behavior hint at his true self. Also, when he honked the horn, maybe it was symbolic for the "second coming" of Arnold as if it were a demonic "day of judgment." (Hurly 66) He also announces himself stressing that he is Arnold Friend, which is awkwardly close to " Arch Fiend." Not

Similar Essays

Arnold Friend: The Devil Essay

679 words - 3 pages someone to see. Maybe he was hiding his devil horns. Also when he was standing Connie had mentioned that “He was standing in a strange way, leaning back against the car as if he were balancing himself” (Oates 317). This could be because his feet are not feet but hooves, like the devil would have. Secondly, Arnold Friend knows a lot of information about Connie, her friends and family. It is strange that he could just stare off into space and

Arnold As The Devil In "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"

744 words - 3 pages seen the car before. She is concerned about how her hair looks because she has just washed it. She goes to her door and as the boy (at this point Connie thinks that he is around her age) approaches, she recognizes him as the boy from the parking lot. He tells Connie that his name is Arnold Friend. He has a friend in the car who is playing a radio tuned to the same station to which Connie had been listening. Arnold starts a conversation by talking

The Demi Devil (Iago) An Indepth Look At Iago As Satan

1722 words - 7 pages himself, however, never sins in this instance.Satan was perceived as a gentlemanly person in the Middle Ages. Satan used his chivalry to manipulate other people into doing his will. Iago too uses his chivalry to appear as an honest and trustful friend. Iago throughout the book is very cordial and nice, and would be the life of any party. Desdemona finds Iago funny as she writes, "O, fie upon thee, slanderer!" (2.1.113). He seems to be protecting

Cathy Ames As The Devil In John Steinbeck's East Of Eden

760 words - 3 pages Cathy Ames as the Devil in East of Eden   East of Eden was a novel that explored the roots of evil in its most primal form. Through intricate plot lines and complex characters, John Steinbeck weaved a tale of brutality, cruelty, and isolation. One important character that helped to illustrate the presence of evil throughout the book was Cathy Ames, an intelligent woman who ruthlessly used other people to serve her own needs