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Art And Lesiure In Ancient Pompeii

907 words - 4 pages

Pompeii is a partially buried Roman city near the modern day Naples in the Italy. It is situated in the region of Campania, in the territory of the contemporary town of Pompei. Along with nearby Herculaneum, its sister city, Pompeii was completely buried under a 20 metre layer of ash and pumice during the long catastrophic eruption of the infamous Volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days in August 79AD. In 1748 the Ancient city of Pompeii was discovered by accident and recent excavation has shown the city (in ancient times) to have been a vibrant cultural city in Southern Italy.Art in the ancient city of PompeiiArt was a very important element in ancient Pompeii. This aspect can be seen throughout all aspects of the Pompeian culture, as art was integrated into daily life. Just from the countless amount of artworks and frescoes uncovered from the remains of Ancient Pompeii, Easily, we can assume that art was part of the people of Pompeii's lives, whether it was a simple decoration, an important structure of their homes, or of cultural, or religious significance.Obviously there were no available documentation methods that exist today like camera's, so the only way to capture a moment would to be to have it painted down as a cultural artefact.The people of Pompeii had a cultured lifestyle, there were luxuries that their society took pride in. The area of Pompeii was actually where many wealthy and prosperous Romans had holiday villas.Religious artReligion was a very important characteristic of ancient Pompeian art. By means of paintings and sculptures ancient Pompeian artists could creatively express their own attitudes and sacred, spiritual beliefs.The belief of the gods and other customs were an important part of being Pompeian. From uncovered paintings, we can observe that many of the artworks discovered depicted the ancient Roman gods and goddesses.Something else that was religiously significant to the ancient citizens of Pompeii was the Lararia. The Lararia ranged from being small paintings to elaborate shrines, usually in every Pompeian household and shop as a place of worship. The Lararium in the House of Vettii shows the genius- which is the head of the household and is represented by a male, and the snake below representing guardian spirits of the family.Artwork of the GodsApolloApollo is the roman god of the sun. He is the god of music and poetry. Pompeian's were involved with law and politics and Apollo was associated with law, philosophy and the arts. He was a very important god and what he stood for highly influenced ancient Roman society.VenusVenus is the Roman goddess of love. Pompeians have a lot of faith in love and their populace was one where there was courtship and marriage.In the house of Venus there is a famous fresco depicting the goddess resting in a seashell being guided through the sea by angels. It is very similar to the painting by Botticelli. This fresco indicated that the Pompeian's had strong beliefs in Venus and love...

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