Art History In Tourism And Leisure

2363 words - 9 pages

During the late nineteenth-century, Impressionism was influenced by the tourism industry and industry of leisure. The new en plein-air paintings were introduced to many artists earlier that period. This essay will discuss paintings from Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, looking into some of their paintings and the affection from the uprising industries as mentioned. Social unrest in France was a part of history. Monet’s and Renoir’s paintings served as documentary of the emergence social history, depicting the lifestyle of late nineteenth-century France. The rise of both tourism and leisure seem to be the subject matter mostly in Monet’s and Renoir’s paintings. The following paragraphs will first discuss the industrial revolution and the rise of pleasure in tourism and leisure. Continue with the close analysis of the Impressionists plein-air paintings of Monet and Renoir respectively.

Focusing on paintings painted in tourist destinations and leisure sites during the late nineteenth- century, Monet and Renoir depicted the significant development phases of the industrial revolution. Therefore in most of their late nineteenth-century paintings, there were clear indications of the uprising changes. The urban, industrial activity and transportation had rise during the late nineteenth-century in France . This revolution help developed the tourism industry as well as the leisure activities on going at certain places such as Seine, Trouville, Chatou and etc. Eight new bridges were built and some were rebuilt to embellish the tourism in Seine . Huge transformation was held during late nineteenth-century in France along Seine’s waterways. Travelling became popular due to the advance of steam and railway systems . More people were involved in travelling, participating in leisure activities. Nonetheless, artists often travel via railway and waterways to places such as Le Harve, Honfleur to name a few for plein-air (outdoor) paintings . Before Monet and Renoir, Eugène Boudin and Johann Barthold Jongkind often visit tourist destinations to paint en plein-air (in outdoors) . Through actual travel experiences, artists gained inspiration outside of their familiar cities, producing travel landscape paintings of the nineteenth-century period . As a result, those plein-air landscape paintings often include the transformation of France that was so different from the Renaissance period.

From the industrial revolution, we knew that tourism and leisure were middle- and upper-class activities. Paintings were brought back to the cities promoting tourism and leisure . Therefore more people were fascinated about tourism and leisure. “Leisure was a performance, and the thing performed was class” . Social life had always been a great pride in human life. With the money and time to travel and pleasure themselves, people often do it to differentiate their class status with others, especially recognizing the gap against the poor. As Herbert wrote, “it was a...

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