Art In The Middle Ages And The Renaissance And Its Effect In Society

1199 words - 5 pages

The Medieval period also referred to as the Middle Ages was the period of time between the demise of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance era; this was the period from the 5th century to the 17th century in Europe. During this time, society conformed to the feudal system which was based on the hierarchy approach which upper class had control over the lower class. Included in this class structure were kings, lords, neighboring kings, peasants and church leaders.

In the Middle Ages, art evolves as humans continue addressing the traditional and the new, including Biblical subjects, Christian dogma, and Classical mythology (Introduction to the History of Medieval Art. n.d.). Most of the art produced during this time was heavily focused on religion and depicted symbols of Christian ideals and principles for the purpose of educating the illiterate about religion. Paintings, sculptures and stained glass were all art forms of this time period. Many of these forms of art contained images or pictures that were deliberately created disproportionally, having some images larger than others to show the image importance. Also the art of the middle age period did not have a sense of movement or life and did not incorporate much style if compared to the art that was created in the Renaissance time period. Unlike the Renaissance times, the medieval period depicted images fully clothed with little or else no facial expression or emotion in their art.

However, arts had a hard time staying relevant during the Middle Ages because of the numerous territorial conflicts that Europe had experienced throughout the entire Middle Age time period, such as the hundred year war between England and France. People had to focus on the bare essentials for living and had only enough time to figure out how to remain in good standing with whatever ruler they had at that time. Very little time was left over to dedicate to the arts.

The renaissance period can be described as dramatically different in comparison to the middle ages. However, the renaissance period did not have a concrete launch date, but the art emerged as a distinct style in Italy approximately around the 1400’s. It first began in areas which had the uppermost levels of political strength and extend slowly in a series of different phases throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries. The Renaissance can be described as a cultural society that overwhelmingly affected European intellectual life. Establish in Italy, and spreading throughout the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt the most in art, music, politics, science and religion.

Although the renaissance period encompassed the later part of the middle age, the strongest commonality between the two time periods was religion, but with a much less focus in the renaissance period. The artistic revival was in its essence a return of art to nature; for mediaeval art lacked freedom and naturalness (Difference between...

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