People from all eras have communicated what they value through art, architecture and style. This statement is obvious.
The first example I will discuss is that of the ancient Egyptian society. Their society was one that was based upon death. Everything in their lives revolved around preparing themselves for the afterlife. Included in that is their paintings; they contained the entire figure of the human, making sure their was no limb left unseen, for fear that it would not be their in the after life. Another example of how the ancient Egyptian’s values were expressed through art was the lavish funerary complexes built for their pharaohs. They were monstrous, and intended entirely to help propel the deceased pharaoh into the next life.
Ancient Greece was a society of self-perceived beauty. They loved to look at themselves, especially if they were male. They male gender was perceived as perfection in that time period, and as such it should be portrayed in all of its glory, hence the no clothing policy. They sculpted, painted and created in what they believed to be perfection. They created all buildings in perfect rectangles, since they believed that rectangles were the epitome of perfection, the “golden section” if you will. Greek art was a portrayal of their ideals, which is why most people call this period the idealistic stage in Art history.
The Romans were very much like their Greek counter parts. Romans, as a whole, loved Greek art. They enjoyed looking at it and even the style it was used in. Thus, they copied the style, but with subtle differences. First, they were clothed, the most IMPORTANT fact. They also believed in realism instead of idealism. They portrayed their art the way it looked, rather than the way it should. For architecture, they loved circles, or at least round...