Arthur Miller's Purpose For Writing The Crucible

895 words - 4 pages

Parallels between Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, and his article Why I wrote the Crucible, can easily support Miller’s reasons for writing this classic play. Miller’s purpose in writing both the play and the article was to emphasize the similarities between the 1692 witch hunt and the 1950’s Red Scare. Miller simply wanted to convey the message of fear over reason, express himself in a new language of old English, to warn of mass hysteria, and most importantly compare his life in the 1950’s to the irrational trial in 1692. Miller’s reasons are numerous, and while they are all stated flat out in his article, they are also clearly stated and understood in the play.
A major theme in both the article and the play is fear over reason. Miller wrote his play to demonstrate instances when fear overcomes reason. In the article he states that, “…its [The Crucible’s] paranoid center is still pumping out the same darkly attractive waning that it did in the fifties” (Miller 5). This warning is that of the dangers of fear over reason, and the consequences that go with it. In the novel, fear over reason is displayed when Tituba confesses to witchcraft rather than be hanged. Tituba says, “No, no don’t hang Tituba! I tell him I don’t desire to work for him, sir” (Miller 44). She confesses to a lie and she succumbs to the fear of being killed, and all reason escapes her. Miller’s article also gives proof of fear over reason driving Miller to write his play, “…it may simply be a fascination with the outbreak of paranoia that suffuses the play--the blind panic that, in our age, often seems to sit at the dim edges of consciousness” (Miller 5). Throughout the play, Miller suggests his theme of fear over reason, and this is reiterated in the article.
Miller also had a personal goal in writing The Crucible, and that was to increase his language use, and to challenge him-self to use older English. Miller says, “I was also drawn into writing The Crucible by the chance it gave me to use a new language” (Miller 4). Miller liked the challenge of writing a historical novel, in an unfamiliar accent as well as his goal of conveying the importance of the time frame and the themes he chose to write about. An example of this language would be at the end of the novel when Elizabeth is telling Hale she cannot save her husbands life, “He have his goodness now, God forbid I take it from him!” (Miller 145). This is an example of the old English. Today, we would not speak with that sentence structure or with words or phrases such as “he have his...

Find Another Essay On Arthur Miller's Purpose for Writing The Crucible

Arthur Miller's The Crucible Essay

989 words - 4 pages Crucible EssayThe fall of Salem's social structure precipitated the murders of many innocent people. Arthur Miller's depiction of the Salem witch trials, The Crucible, deals with a community that starts out looking like it is tightly knit and church loving. It turns out that once the girls are caught dancing in the woods, and a plethora of accusations are made. Hysteria and hidden agendas break down the social structure and then everyone must

Arthur Miller's The Crucible Essay

1131 words - 5 pages Arthur Miller's The Crucible The Crucible is based on the 'Salem Witch Trials' in 1692. In act 1 the audience find out that John Procter had an affair with Abigail Williams, who was dancing in the woods, and that she still has feelings for him. When John denies their love Abigail starts accusing people of witchcraft. Act 2 is when we meet Elizabeth Procter who gets arrested on suspicion of witchcraft. In act 3 John goes to court

Arthur Miller's "The Crucible"

623 words - 2 pages Describe Abigail Williams' character in relation to her conduct in the woods, her attitude towards the girls and Parris, her comments about Elizabeth Proctor, her conversation with John Proctor, and her accusiations at the end.Responce: Abigail is a character with many facets to her personality, as do all the characters in Authur Miller's The Crucible. Her selfiishness, immaturity, and tendancy to spin yarns are all important traits. The traits

Arthur Miller's "The Crucible"

3048 words - 12 pages Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" 'The Crucible' was written in 1952 by the twentieth century American playwright Arthur Miller (1915-.) Miller was born in New York and educated at the University of Michigan where he began to write plays. Most of Miller's plays are set in contemporary America and on the whole offer a realistic portrayal of life and society and the theme of self-realization is re-current e.g. John Proctor in 'The Crucible

Arthur Miller's The Crucible

694 words - 3 pages As one can see, in Acts I and II of Arthur Miller's "The Crucible", all characters have a dark side, replete with moral weaknesses. These personal faults are manifested in the character's actions and in the intricacies of his inner conflict. John Proctor is a man with many moral weaknesses, the first of which are revealed to the reader in Act I. His most glaring moral fault is his having committed an act of adultery with young

Arthur Miller's The Crucible

2220 words - 9 pages Arthur Miller's The Crucible During "The Crucible" Proctor is easily cast as a villain and other characters clearly see this side of him. This is evident when Abigail shows her attraction for Proctor and her flirtatiousness is obvious to the audience as she talks to Proctor, she moves closer to Proctor and the stage directions suggest that there is a "Faint smile" Upon Proctor's face, this smile widens as

Social Criticism in Arthur Miller's The Crucible

1203 words - 5 pages the cause.* Among these two hundred men and women were several authors, including Arthur Miller. In explaining his reasoning for writing The Crucible, Miller said, ". . . my basic need was to respond to a phenomenon which, with only small exaggeration, one could say was paralyzing a whole generation and in an amazingly short time was drying up the habits of trust and toleration in public discourse."* After visiting Salem and researching the events

Human Flaws in Arthur Miller's The Crucible

962 words - 4 pages Human Flaws in Arthur Miller's The Crucible Many of the characters in Arthur Miller's The Crucible have specific human flaws that cause the tragedy of the Salem Witch Trials. The Salem villagers exhibit failings, including greed, vengeance, and fear, which eventually lead to the downfall of their town. Many villagers, especially Abigail Williams, take advantage of the opportunity to seek vengeance on others through the trials. Greed for

Hypocrisy in Arthur Miller's The Crucible

583 words - 2 pages Hypocrisy in Arthur Miller's The Crucible “I want to open myself! ... I want the light of God, I want the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the Devil; I saw him, I wrote in his book; I go back to Jesus; I kiss His hand. I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! I saw Goody Osburn with the Devil! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil!” Such a line was said by Miss Abigail Williams, who claimed to be a gift from God, but as we see, turned out to be the

Abigail Williams in Arthur Miller's The Crucible

2137 words - 9 pages Abigail in Arthur Miller's The Crucible "The Crucible" is a play based upon the events that occurred in Salem circa 1690s. The witch trials were not just in America, but occurred in Europe too. Arthur Miller wrote this play, and also wrote the screenplay for the movie based on his play script. This has been produced in theatres countless times, as it is so dramatic, and appeals to audiences. We are introduced to the character of

Abigail Williams in Arthur Miller's The Crucible

2198 words - 9 pages Abigail Williams in Arthur Miller's The Crucible Throughout the play “the Crucible,” we see the many different sides of Abigail Williams’ character. Arthur Miller has created an interesting and complex character with various personality traits, and her controlling and manipulative nature becomes evident for the audience during the very first scene. Abigail is first introduced as “seventeen, a strikingly beautiful

Similar Essays

Arthur Miller's The Crucible Essay 1647 Words

1647 words - 7 pages Arthur Miller's The Crucible In The Crucible there are many different ways in which Arthur Miller captivates the interest of the audience. These include the reasons for which Arthur Miller wrote the play, and various themes within the play such as love, hate, lies, betrayal, lust and injustice. There is an interest in the nature of the community, the ways in which the law operated and the moral and reasoning behind the

Arthur Miller's The Crucible Essay

859 words - 3 pages Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" 'The Crucible' was written by Arthur Miller. Arthur Miller was brought before a committee in 1956 to answer charges of 'communist sympathy' and to name the people he had had meetings with up to twenty years before. Liberal writer, film directors, actors and actresses were all called before the committee. The committee often had lists of names of people who had attended meetings yet they still forced

Arthur Miller's The Crucible Essay

664 words - 3 pages Arthur Miller's 'The Crucible' The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, is a tragic story of injustice suffered by an innocent community who are subjected to the hypocritical, prideful judges of their trial. These Judges use their power to eliminate evidence of their mistakes and return their community to puritanical ways. The leaders of Salem are not concerned with seeking the truth and justice, but with maintaining their authority and

Arthur Miller's The Crucible Essay 2379 Words

2379 words - 10 pages Arthur Miller's The Crucible Arthur Miller demonstrates the familiarities of the life he lived in the 1950's and of everyday life we live in through his plays. He communicates through his work to the way people are in society. The extreme witch hysteria deteriorated the rational and emotional stability of its citizens. This exploited the population's weakest qualities, and insecurities. The obvious breakdown in social order led to